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common North American meadow bird of the family Icteridae, also called meadow starling. Unlike other members of the family, which comprises blackbirds, gracklesgrackle,
common name applied to some members of the New World family Icteridae, which also includes blackbirds, orioles, meadowlarks, cowbirds, and others. The plumage of the purple, or common, grackle of the Atlantic coastal region is black with metallic hues, iridescent in the
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, orioles, and others, the meadowlark does not travel in large flocks, and it eats harmful insects rather than grain. The eastern meadowlark, Sturnella magna, known for its clear, whistling song, is about 10 in. (25 cm) long. In color, it is brown streaked with black above and yellow below with a broad black crescent across the chest. The Western species, Sturnella neglecta, is slightly smaller, and its call is lower. Recent experiments have shown that the two species do not interbreed in the wild, although they are nearly indistinguishable. Meadowlarks are classified in the phylum ChordataChordata
, phylum of animals having a notochord, or dorsal stiffening rod, as the chief internal skeletal support at some stage of their development. Most chordates are vertebrates (animals with backbones), but the phylum also includes some small marine invertebrate animals.
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, subphylum Vertebrata, class Aves, order Passeriformes, family Icteridae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our specific objectives were to 1) relate habitat preference with vegetation structure, fledgling age, and ambient temperature, 2) identify and quantify sources of fatality, 3) relate survival with vegetation structure, fledgling age, ambient temperature, and time of season, and 4) apply our results to conservation of meadowlarks and other grassland passerines in the Nebraska Sandhills.
The most abundant species were grasshopper and Henslow's sparrows as well as eastern meadowlarks (Sturnella magna) and red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus).
Eastern meadowlarks nesting in rangelands and Conservation Reserve Program fields in Kansas.
On average, Western Meadowlarks initiated nests earliest and Bairds Sparrows initiated nests latest (Fig.
For example, populations of grasshopper sparrows (Ammodramus savannarum), eastern meadowlarks (Sturnella magna), Henslow's sparrows (A.
Eastern Meadowlarks (Sturnella magna) inhabit a wide variety of grassland habitats throughout the Midwest (Bollinger 1995, Lanyon 1995, Kershner 2001, Ribic and Sample 2001, Walk et al.
The pool uses reclaimed water and is home to Canada geese, coots, grebes, egrets, hawks, meadowlarks and red-winged blackbirds.
Estimated densities of Western Meadowlarks in 2007 were higher ([t.
Here they are, along with re-introduced bighorn sheep and bison, prairie dogs, coyotes, badgers, rabbits, Western meadowlarks, swifts, wrens, golden eagles, magpies, rattlesnakes.
We examined: (1) how woody vegetation features were related to habitat use and distribution of Grasshopper, Savannah, and Henslow's sparrows, Eastern Meadowlarks, Bobolinks, and Dickcissels breeding within reclaimed surface mines; (2) the extent woody habitat features were related to nestsite selection of Grasshopper and Henslow's sparrows, and Eastern Meadowlarks; and (3) if these woody habitat features affected daily nest survival of Grasshopper and Henslow's sparrows, and Eastern Meadowlarks.
The plants should attract many species, including meadowlarks, barn owls and other raptors, De La Torre said.
Savannah (Passerculus sandwichensis), and Grasshopper (Ammodramus savannarum) sparrows, and Western Meadowlarks (Sturnella neglecta) have been well-studied throughout much of their range, but relatively few data for these species are available from the northern mixed-grass prairie (Wheelwright and Rising 1993, Lanyon 1994, Vickery 1996).