Mechanists

(redirected from mechanist)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

Mechanists

 

a group of Soviet philosophers of the mid-1920’s and early 1930’s.

The mechanists equated dialectics with modern mechanics and created a distinctive “mechanist” conception of epistemology, logic, and historical materialism. The group included I. I. Skvortsov-Stepanov, A. K. Timiriazev, L. I. Aksel’rod-Ortodoks, V. M. Sarab’ianov, and V. A. Petrov. N. I. Bukharin, who laid claim to the leadership of the sociological school, allied himself with the mechanists. The ideas, of the mechanists were based on the introduction of positivist ideas into Marxist philosophy. The mechanists denied the independent role of philosophy, substituted the theory of equilibrium for dialectics, and denied the objective nature of contingency.

The views of the mechanists were criticized at several scholarly conferences and in public debates. In 1929, the All-Union Conference of Marxist-Leninist Scientific Institutions declared that mechanism was a distinctive revision of dialectical materialism (see Estestvoznanie i marksizm, 1929, no. 3, p. 211). The resolution of the Central Committee of the ACP(B) of Jan. 25, 1931, On the Journal Pod znamenem marksizma, defined mechanism as the most dangerous influence on the philosophical theory of those years.

In the early 1930’s, the principal representatives of the mechanist group renounced and criticized their erroneous views.

REFERENCES

“O zhurnale Pod znamenen marksizma: Iz postanovleniia TsK VKP(B)” In O partiinoi i sovetskoi pechati. Moscow, 1954.
Narskii, I. S., and L. N. Suvorov. Pozitivizm i mekhanisticheskaia reviziia marksizma. Moscow, 1962.

L. N. SUVOROV

References in periodicals archive ?
This new program offers conventional preservation charge to NAC and its mechanists for engine planned and unplanned shop visits at cutthroat charges.
The third point of importance for Geymonat is Lenin's frequently expressed desire to distinguish between his version of materialism and mechanist or naive materialism, characterized by a rigid conception of the truth that is attributed to knowledge.
Sadly, he gets abused in the cycle of oppression driven by the power hierarchy: the director oppresses the actors and the actors take advantage of the mechanist Don Quixote's, yet he does not let go of his dream.
Mechanists have embraced cybernetic technologies, prosthetics, software-brain manipulations, plug-ins, hardware gear, and neuromechanical enhancements as a means to obtaining amplified talents and gratifications.
As asserted by the London Chronicle in 1774, their use was supervised by an 'ingenious young Mechanist from Drury-lane'.
As a result, Malpighi can no longer be construed simply as a Cartesian mechanist whose views were shaped by his teacher Giovanni Borelli.
The old quantum mechanist would answer that light is finally constituted of neither.
To end the first section, Herbert Breger shifts the focus of psychological analysis from writers about Paracelsus to seventeenth-century scientists, and claims to find a correlation between certain personality traits and sympathy for the mechanist or Paracelsian conceptions of nature.
On the contrary, human experience (even in western mainstream culture) as lived experience appears to be quite rich, multifaceted, and resistant to the reductivist tendencies that favor physicalist and mechanist models of human agency.
22) The mechanist view, then, depersonalizes or dehumanizes facts.
He later worked as a mechanist for George Myers Company for many years before retiring in 1985.
7) It is right around 1650 that Henry More began a series of"refutations" of those three philosophers on behalf of a compromise position that, as Israel categorizes it, would acknowledge some of the points made in the new materialist and mechanist thinking while preserving key Christian tenets--like the immortality of the soul--in revised form.

Full browser ?