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in law, type of intervention in which the disputing parties accept the offer of a third party to recommend a solution for their controversy. Mediation has long been a part of international law, frequently involving the use of an international commission, in a process known as by conciliation. Mediation differs from arbitration in being a diplomatic rather than a judicial procedure; thus, the parties to the dispute are not bound to accept the mediator's recommendation. Resort to mediation has become increasingly frequent, both for internal and international disputes. The Declaration of Paris (1856) expressed the hope that the signatories would ask for mediation in their disputes. At the Second Hague Conference (1907), the right of friendly powers to offer mediation was recognized. The Covenant of the League of Nations provided that the whole League, acting through the League Council, should offer conciliation, and the Charter of the United Nations requires all members to submit disputes to mediation on recommendation of the Security Council. Mediation has been successful in many cases of international conflict. The United States served as mediator between Bolivia and Chile (1882) and between Russia and Japan (1905). The United Nations served as a mediator in the conflict in IsraelIsrael
, officially State of Israel, republic (2005 est. pop. 6,277,000, including Israelis in occupied Arab territories), 7,992 sq mi (20,700 sq km), SW Asia, on the Mediterranean Sea.
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 in 1948. In 1966, the Soviet Union mediated the border clashes between India and China. The Secretary-General of the United Nations mediated successfully in several international disputes, particularly that over Netherlands New Guinea (see PapuaPapua
or Irian Jaya
, province (2014 est pop. 3,486,000), 123,180 sq mi (319,036 sq km), Indonesia. Comprising most of the western half of New Guinea and a number of offshore islands, it is Indonesia's largest province; the extreme western peninsulas are now separated
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). Mediation has become increasingly important for internal disagreements as well, particularly in labor disputes. In the United States, the Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service works toward a healthy relationship between labor and management, mediating disputes where necessary and promoting collective bargaining. Many state and local governments in the U.S. have similar organizations, each generally having the power to intervene when the public interest appears to be in jeopardy. National mediation services are also common in other nations, particularly among the Western democracies.



in international law, a form of peaceful settlement of disputes between states by means of negotiations with the participation of a third state, the mediator, on the basis of conditions advanced by the mediator. Mediation differs from good offices in that the mediator suggests specific proposals to serve as the basis of negotiations and of the settlement of the disputes.

The procedure of mediation is regulated by the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 and the Charter of the United Nations (art. 33). According to the UN Charter, various conventions, and current practice, the mediator may offer his services upon the request of the disputing parties, upon his own initiative, or upon the initiative of powers not party to the dispute. There have been times when the Soviet government has accepted the mediation of other states and has itself been a mediator. For instance, in 1945 the USSR accepted the mediation of the French provisional government in negotiations with Switzerland on the status of persons interned during the war.

References in periodicals archive ?
Billing Mediation Market CAGR - This market is the second fastest growing billing sub-sector, trailing only partner management.
Section 4(a) provides that "a mediation communication is privileged .
Mediation Campaign," see generally Mediation Current Events, supra
Apart from arbitration for settling sports-related disputes, the CAS also offers a mediation service, which was introduced on 18 May, 1999.
If no time limit for termination of conciliatory mediation has been set in the conciliatory mediation agreement, the party to the dispute shall refer to a court or arbitration one month after proposing to the other party in the dispute, in writing, to resolve the dispute by way of conciliatory mediation.
Other publications produced by ACCTM include "How ADR Works," "Alternative Dispute Resolution Practice Guide" and "Navigating the Mediation Process.
A: Mediation is a form of assisted dispute resolution in which participants come together to resolve their differences with the assistance of a neutral third party, in this case, a mediator.
Unlike law or medicine, mediation has no licensure, meaning that there is no governmental grant of permission to practise mediation based on prescribed levels of education, training, experience, or performance (Bypass Court: A Dispute Resolution Handbook, Chornenki & Hart, 2005).
Mediation as a distinct form of dispute resolution is much less familiar.
Parties often worry that they may have wasted time and money if mediation does not result in settlement.
The application of sociological and historical methods in the study of religion has confirmed the notion that finitizing and generation-bridging mediations are intrinsic and not just accidental to everyday religion.