Mediatization

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Mediatization

 

the subordination of imperial princes and other imperial officers of the Holy Roman Empire to more powerful imperial princes. The mediatized princes were subject to the emperor’s power not directly (immediatus) but through other, greater princes; moreover, mediatized territory was included in the holdings of the latter.

Mediatization was widely applied by Napoleon I from 1803 to 1806. Through the mediatized lands, he extended the territories of his allies, Bavaria, Baden, Wiirttemberg, and the other German states, that in 1806 had joined the Confederation of the Rhine. This mediatization facilitated the liquidation of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806.