institution

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institution

1. Christian Church the appointment or admission of an incumbent to an ecclesiastical office or pastoral charge
2. Christian theol the creation of a sacrament by Christ, esp the Eucharist

institution

an established order comprising rule-bound and standardized behaviour patterns. The term is widely acknowledged to be used in a variety of ways, and hence often ambiguously. SOCIAL INSTITUTION refers to arrangements involving large numbers of people whose behaviour is guided by NORMS and ROLES. In functionalist theory (see FUNCTIONALISM), the concept of institution is linked to that of FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES OR FUNCTIONAL IMPERATIVES. MALINOWSKI lists seven social institutions which meet biological and social-psychological NEEDs. GOFFMAN uses the term TOTAL INSTITUTION to refer to bureaucratically organized establishments (see BUREAUCRACY) in which the inmates have little possibility of escape from the norms and roles of the administrative structure. INSTITUTIONALIZATION refers to the process whereby the norms and roles expected in various social settings are developed and learned. Although this often involves an OVERSOCIALIZED CONCEPTION OF MAN, researchers influenced by PHENOMENOLOGICAL SOCIOLOGY stress the creative and adaptive aspects of social life.

Institution

 

an organization established to carry out a particular kind of activity. The USSR has both state and public institutions, governed by charter or statute and, as a rule, enjoying the rights of a body corporate. State institutions include ministries, as well as organizations that perform functions not associated with material production, such as schools, hospitals, theaters, and libraries.

References in periodicals archive ?
The recipient's child who lived there for at least two years immediately before the recipient's admission to the medical institution and who proves he or she provided care to the recipient that enabled the latter to live at home rather than in an institution.
NovaVision welcomes the Eye Institute at Tan Tock Seng Hospital to the network of leading medical institutions around the world offering NovaVision VRT," said NovaVision President and CEO Navroze Mehta.
These eight medical institutions include: Pak Red Crescent Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Mohiuddin Islamic Medical College, Mirpur (AJK), Abbottabad International Medical College, Abbottabad, Independent Medical College, Faisalabad, Women Medical College, Abbottabad, Hashmat Medical and Dental College, Gujrat, Bhittai Medical and Dental College, Mirpurkhas Sindh, (BDS), AJ and K Medical College, Muzaffarabad - AJ and K
Leaderships of both medical institutions emphasized intensive work with various projects to find grants to solve material and technical issues.
It facilitates the operations of medical institutions which, being provided with easy access to patient data, can improve the quality of their services.
P Hussain, chairman of Fathima Healthcare Group informed that all the medical institutions should follow this system very soon.
A growing number of medical institutions have been gaining accreditation from the Joint Commission International (JCI), the worldwide leader in improving the quality of health care.
The Jordan Nuclear Regulatory Commission (JNRC) granted 987 licenses in the first six months of the current year for industrial and medical institutions whose work involves radiology and radiotherapy.
The announcement specifically bans all domestic medical institutions from transplanting foreigners under the name of medical tourists, and forbids medical staff from performing transplant surgery in another country, China.
The researchers, from several social science and medical institutions, investigated changes in the proportion of firearm suicides in Western countries since the 1980s and the relation of these changes to households owning firearms.
East Side Medical building, 380 Second Avenue, located near the major east side medical institutions announced its most recent lease of approximately 2,500 s/f of prime retail space to Dr.
Saint Theresa's Medical University will bring to five the number of medical institutions operating on St.

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