Prognosis

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prognosis

Med
a. a prediction of the course or outcome of a disease or disorder
b. the chances of recovery from a disease

Prognosis

 

originally a foretelling of the course of an illness. Subsequently it came to be used in general for any specific forecast or judgment about the state of some phenomenon in the future, such as a weather forecast or prediction of the outcome of an election. Today the word is usually used to signify a probabilistic judgment about the future based on special scientific research.


Prognosis

 

of a disease, a medical judgment of the presumed subsequent course and outcome of a disease.

Prognosis is concerned with survival (that is, whether the patient will live), the rate and degree of restoration of health and ability to work, and the character of complications. It is based on knowledge of the etiology and pathogenesis, statistical data, and analysis of individual characteristics of the course of the disease in the particular patient. Many principles for arriving at a prognosis were set forth by Hippocrates. In Russian medicine they were further developed by G. A. Zakhar’in, among others. In some cases the prognosis is quite definite—for example, the prognosis of the severity of radiation sickness according to the leukocyte content in the blood. In other cases it is indefinite, such as in schizophrenia. The prognosis of diseases is changing with the appearance of new methods of treatment and drugs—for example, the prognosis for tubercular meningitis, or what is called pernicious anemia, has become more favorable.

prognosis

[präg′nō·səs]
(medicine)
A prediction as to the course and outcome of a disease, injury, or developmental abnormality.
References in periodicals archive ?
With the Medical Prognosis Institute in Denmark, Knudsen predicts that DNA microarrays are about to enter the field of cancer diagnosis.
Statements such as "they should have known" or "they should have prevented this" come forth, even when medical indications or a medical prognosis justifies the clinical care that was delivered and the patient's ultimate outcome.
Early in his essay, he acknowledges the uncertainty of medical prognosis and the uncertainty of family and individual adjustment to spina bifida.
Speaking about the injury probems, Noble said: ``Sean is running again and the medical prognosis for him is very encouraging while Brian is also in full training.
It wasn't a decision taken lightly but failed comeback attempts with Blackpool and Livingston, a devastating medical prognosis and the unstable state of football convinced him it was time for a change.
Apart from the statements of Suharto's lawyer and aide, no official medical prognosis has been released.
Nasdaq:AFFX) and Medical Prognosis Institute A/S (MPI), a leading cancer diagnostic development company based in Denmark, today announced that they have signed a Powered by Affymetrix[TM] (PbA) agreement.
This individualized information helps patients have more informed discussions with their doctors, take charge of their health, and participate more fully in treatment decisions -- with the aim of improving their medical prognosis.
But of more concern to Wales coach Warren Gatland will be the medical prognosis on Henson, which places him in some doubt for the clash with England at Twickenham on February 2.
It is yet another example of botched medical prognosis, as a hernia specialist reckons that a successful operation last month would have had him back in training now, with a strong possibility of playing in at least one of the last two Tests.

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