surveillance

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surveillance

close observation or supervision maintained over a person, group, etc., esp one in custody or under suspicion

surveillance

the monitoring, and the associated direct or indirect forms of supervision and superintendence by the modern STATE, of the activities of its citizens. The capacity for surveillance possessed by modern NATION STATES has increased compared with those available to earlier forms of state, as the result of spectacular improvements in techniques for the collection and storage of INFORMATION and equally striking improvements in means of transport and communications.

For FOUCAULT, in Discipline and Punish (1975), the ‘disciplinary power’ of modern societies is an all-pervasive feature of these societies and a predominant feature of administrative power within them. Remedial and CARCERAL ORGANIZATIONS, which remove human liberty are not more than extreme forms of a generalized tendency to heightened surveillance within these societies.

Foucault's emphasis is disputed by many however. Our heightened awareness of, and concern about, situations in which some individuals are subject to loss of liberty reflects the new importance of a concern for liberty within modern societies and the many areas of life in which liberties have increased. Nonetheless, few dispute that – for good and for ill – surveillance and control are an important characteristic of modern societies and the modern state. Compare ORIENTAL DESPOTISM, ABSOLUTISM. See also SEQUESTRATION, TOTALITARIANISM.

surveillance

[sər′vā·ləns]
(engineering)
Systematic observation of air, surface, or subsurface areas or volumes by visual, electronic, photographic, or other means, for intelligence or other purposes.

surveillance

The systematic observation of airspace, surface or subsurface areas, places, persons, or things, by visual, aural, electronic, photographic, or other means.
References in periodicals archive ?
Further, there should be resources capable of providing occupational and environmental health (OEH) site assessments; arthropod, rodent and pest management and surveillance; pesticide application; feral animal control; food protection and testing; advanced medical surveillance and epidemiological investigations; comprehensive risk assessments; and human performance optimization.
All workplaces where respiratory irritants are present should have a medical surveillance programme in place which allows for the early detection of respiratory disease and early intervention to prevent progression.
Using a panel comprised of biological warfare experts, medical/public health practitioners, law enforcement officials, and emergency responders and managers, the workshop focused on the areas of vaccination, quarantine/isolation, and medical surveillance.
They said they have known about their potential beryllium exposure risks for years but either have been unable to win medical surveillance from the company or have felt any challenge would be futile.
30) The court, however, found that requiring the defendant to fund the costs of medical surveillance before an injury or disease arises as a matter of equity is appropriate: "It is entirely proper for a court of equity to create and supervise a fund for the purpose of monitoring a condition of Plaintiff when it has been shown that such monitoring is reasonably necessary.
European cancer registries have shown an increased incidence of these other cancers following an initial diagnosis of non-melanoma skin cancers, but this could possibly be due to increased medical surveillance of patients with these skin cancers--or it may just be chance.
Shrey and Mital (1994) identify four requirements for effective transitional work programs: "1) objective worker evaluations, 2) a classification of the physical job demands, 3) medical surveillance and follow-up, and 4) graduated progression to an acceptable permanent placement option.
As of now, the FDA has no way to make sure that, with future waivers, DOD will better inform troops or conduct more careful medical surveillance.
Other provisions cover employee training, medical surveillance, record keeping, hazard communication and exposure monitoring.
It looks like people who experience a pervasive sense of hopelessness are at increased risk for a variety of serious health problems and require careful medical surveillance.
If the exposure has been so minimal that there will never be any adverse effects, medical surveillance is unnecessary.
In addition, they require employers to develop medical surveillance and monitoring programs for workers and to remove certain affected workers from the workplace, if necessary.

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