megalith


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to megalith: post and lintel

megalith

a stone of great size, esp one forming part of a prehistoric monument

Megalith

 

a structure made of huge blocks of undressed or crudely dressed stone. Megaliths include dolmens, menhirs, cromlechs, cists, and covered galleries. They are found throughout the world, except Australia, primarily in coastal regions. In Europe, megaliths generally date from the Aeneolithic period and the Bronze Age (3,000-2,000 B.C.); those in England, however date from the Neolithic.

It is not always possible to establish the purpose of a particular megalith. For the most part, megaliths were used for burials or were linked with the burial cult. Evidently they were communal structures. Their erection constituted a very complex problem for primitive technology and required the combined efforts of numerous people.

REFERENCES

Artsikhovskii, A. V. Vvedenie v arkheologiiu, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1947.
Niderle, L. Chelovechestvo v doistoricheskie vremena. St. Petersburg, 1898. (Translated from Czech.)
Obermaier, H. Doistoricheskii chelovek. St. Petersburg, 1913. (Translated from German.)

megalith

[′meg·ə‚lith]
(archeology)
One of a group of large stones arranged in some pattern in a prehistoric monument.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 47-tonne stone quarried from the Mourne Mountains is one of the tallest megaliths in Europe and was erected both to celebrate the Millennium and create a landmark of achievement for centuries to come.
In December, 1995, Megalith acquired the assets of Esco Elevator Corporation.
This in turn helps to rectify the geographical balance, giving due weight at last to the megaliths of Iberia.
The megalith quarries are on the north side of the Preseli hills, and this location undermines previous theories about how the bluestones were transported from Wales to Stonehenge.
Mattone Group Megalith Capital Management Megalith Capital Management, LLC Meyers Research MHN Mill Creek Residential Millhouse Properties Minno Wasko Architects & Planners Mission Capital MPF Research, a division of RealPage, Inc NAA Naftali Group National Apartment Association Nelson Management Group, Ltd New York Investors Bank Norcor Management Northmarq Capital Northwestern Mutual Real Estate Investments NYU Student Odessa Realty Investments Original Energy Park Row Equity Partners Partner Engineering and Science, Inc.
We are excited about the opportunity to participate in the rapid transformation of the Broadway corridor in eastern Tribeca," said Vishal Arora of Megalith.
It is five km south of Kazanluk and attracts tourists with one of the most ancient Thracian shrines--the Megalith (The Goddess' Gate), a cult complex built from massive, oddly arranged stone pieces.
Each entry, either an individual megalith or a group, begins with the location of the monument(s) followed by the history of investigations.
The ski-hospitality megalith runs operations at five major ski resorts across the West, including the hills at Vail and Breckenridge in Colorado and the Heavenly Mountain Resort at Lake Tahoe, plus a host of swank hotels in mountain-culture hotspots nationwide.
This week the fast food megalith lost a legal battle against a single Kuala Lumpur restaurant called Malaysian Chicken Curry, after a court ruled it could quite legally call itself McCurry.
Two men used a hammer and screwdriver to chip away at the Heel Stone - the central megalith at the 5,000-year-old site - before they were spotted by security guards and chased away.
Some of the last enduring features of the old Teesside went too - remember the bulldozing of the Royal Exchange on Marton Road to make way for the concrete megalith of the A66?