melancholy


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melancholy

Archaic
a. a gloomy character, thought to be caused by too much black bile
b. one of the four bodily humours; black bile

Melancholy

See also Grief.
Acheron
river of woe in the underworld. [Gk. Myth.: Howe, 5]
Anatomy of Melancholy
lists causes, symptoms, and characteristics of melancholy. [Br. Lit.: Anatomy of Melancholy]
Barton, Amos
beset by woes. [Br. Lit.: “Sad Fortunes of Amos Barton” in Walsh Modern, 45]
black bile
humor effecting temperament of gloominess. [Medieval Physiology: Hall, 130]
blues
melancholy, bittersweet music born among American Negroes. [Am. Music: Scholes, 113]
Cargill, Rev. Josiah
serious, moody, melancholic minister. [Br. Lit.: St. Ronan’s Well]
Carstone, Richard
driven to gloom by collapse of expectations. [Br. Lit.: Bleak House]
cave of Trophonius
oracle so awe-inspiring, consulters never smiled again. [Gk. Myth.: Brewer Dictionary, 1103]
Eeyore
amusingly gloomy, morose donkey. [Children’s Lit.: Winnie-the-Pooh]
Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard
meditative poem of a melancholy mood. [Br. Lit.: Harvey, 266]
Ellis Island
immigration center where many families were separated; “isle of tears.” [Am. Hist.: Flexner, 193]
Gummidge, Mrs.
“lone lorn creetur” with melancholy disposition. [Br. Lit.: David Copperfield]
Hamlet
black mood dominates his consciousness. [Brit. Lit.: Shakespeare Hamlet]
hare
flesh brings melancholy to those who eat it. [Animal Symbolism: Mercatante, 125]
Il Penseroso
poem celebrating the pleasures of melancholy and solitude. [Br. Lit.: Milton Il Penseroso in Magill IV, 577]
Jaques
“can suck melancholy out of a song.” [Br. Lit.: As You Like It]
Mock Turtle
forever weeping and bemoaning his fate. [Br. Lit.: Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland]
Mudville
no joy here when Casey struck out. [Am. Sports Lit.: “Casey at the Bat” in Turlin, 642]
Orpheus
composed, sang many melancholic songs in memory of deceased Eurydice. [Gk. Myth.: Orpheus and Eurydice, Magill I, 700–701]
Roquentin, Antoine
discomfited by his existence’s purposelessness, solitarily despairs. [Fr. Lit.: Nausea]
Sad Sack
hapless and helpless soldier; resigned to his fate. [Comics: Horn, 595–596]
Valley of the Shadow of Death
life’s gloominess. [O.T.: Psalms 23:4]
Wednesday’s
child full of woe. [Nurs. Rhyme: Opie, 309]
yew
tree symbolizes grief. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 178]
References in classic literature ?
Some escaped on horse-back, a few on foot; and, being dispersed every where, in a few hours, brought the melancholy news of this unfortunate battle to Lexington.
However the flowers might have come there, it was both sad and sweet to observe how Nature adopted to herself this desolate, decaying, gusty, rusty old house of the Pyncheon family; and how the even-returning summer did her best to gladden it with tender beauty, and grew melancholy in the effort.
Six days did Don Quixote keep his bed, dejected, melancholy, moody and out of sorts, brooding over the unhappy event of his defeat.
It was a melancholy sight--that of these six men, traveling in silence, each plunged in his own thoughts, sad as despair, gloomy as chastisement.
Then came a measured tread, passing slowly, slowly on, as of mourners with a coffin, their garments trailing on the ground, so that the ear could measure the length of their melancholy array.
There is something contagious in the natural expression of our passions, that insensibly enlists the sympathies of the beholder--and Seymour felt a soft melancholy stealing over him as he gazed, that was but a faint reflection of the tenderness excited in the breast of Charlotte, while she listened to sounds that penetrated to her very soul.
No sooner had this little plan shaped itself in his mind than he began to be busy with exact calculations about the wood to be bought and the particular article of furniture that should be undertaken first--a kitchen cupboard of his own contrivance, with such an ingenious arrangement of sliding-doors and bolts, such convenient nooks for stowing household provender, and such a symmetrical result to the eye, that every good housewife would be in raptures with it, and fall through all the gradations of melancholy longing till her husband promised to buy it for her.
my Laura (returned she) avoid so melancholy a subject, I intreat you.
She felt that she had, indeed, been three months there; and the sun's rays falling strongly into the parlour, instead of cheering, made her still more melancholy, for sunshine appeared to her a totally different thing in a town and in the country.
There was something which might have touched the springs both of mirth and of melancholy in the ancient maidenliness with which Mrs.
Around, by lifting winds forgot, Resignedly beneath the sky The melancholy waters lie.
We see in needle-works and embroideries, it is more pleasing to have a lively work, upon a sad and solemn ground, than to have a dark and melancholy work, upon a lightsome ground: judge therefore of the pleasure of the heart, by the pleasure of the eye.