menhir


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menhir

(mĕn`hēr') [Breton,=long stone], in archaeology, name given to the single standing stones of Western Europe, and by extension to those of other lands. Their size varies and their shape is rough and squared, tapering toward the top. See megalithic monumentsmegalithic monument
[Gr.,=large stone], in archaeology, a construction involving one or several roughly hewn stone slabs of great size; it is usually of prehistoric antiquity.
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Menhir

 

the simplest type of megalithic structure, consisting of a single block of upright stone sunk into the ground. Menhirs measure 4-5 m high and more; the highest one is in France, and it stands 20 m high and weighs about 300 tons. Menhirs some-times form long avenues (as in Karnak) or are sometimes ar-ranged in a circle (cromlechs). Apparently, they had a religious significance. Most of the menhirs are in northwestern Europe, but some have been found in Asia and Africa. They are common in the USSR in certain parts of Siberia and the Caucasus.

REFERENCE

Schuchhardt, C. Alteuropa, 4th ed. Berlin, 1941.

menhir

A prehistoric monument consisting of a single large standing stone, sometimes rudely sculptured.

menhir

a single standing stone, often carved, dating from the middle Bronze Age in the British Isles and from the late Neolithic Age in W Europe
References in periodicals archive ?
Una de las circunstancias mas senaladas de las estatuas menhir del noroeste es su variedad formal, hasta el punto de que, en algunos casos, el unico vinculo entre buena parte de estas estatuas menhir es su distribucion geografica.
Similar propuesta se ha presentado, a falta de confirmacion, para el menhir antropomorfo de Kurtzegan.
Archaeologists Sarah Semple and Howard Williams show how prehistoric monuments (barrows, stone circles and menhirs, earthworks) retained symbolic power throughout the Anglo-Saxon period, long after their original uses had been lost or altered.
Similarly, the terms dolmens, menhirs, and cromlechs, words of Breton or Welsh origin that mean stone table, long stone, and stone circle, seem to be full of mystical content.
And also last year it bought UK companies MSB Consultants and Menhir Ltd to speed up it expansion into Europe.
The scientists carved a replica of a menhir out of a single piece of carbonate rock, a flat-topped pyramid measuring 2.
Now it vies with the Menhir Express, an eight-minute log ride, as the park's top attraction.
Excluding the impact of the one-time charge for purchased research and development -- associated with the Company's acquisition of Menhir Limited in September 1997 and the acquisition of MSB Consultants Limited in June 1998 -- revenue and profit for the most recent five quarters were:
In contrast, a menhir, or 'standing stone' is a solitary, naturally shaped, phallic rock most likely associated with fertility rites.
Word got around that this was the wine Pope Francis liked, and it quickly reached Menhir Salento, the Italian winery that produced the wine.
El conjunto incluye el menhir partido en dos de la Pitera, que mide 4,35 m de largo por 1,35 m de ancho y presenta un extremo apuntado.