meningism


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Related to meningism: Meningismus, Kernig's sign, pleocytosis, Kernig sign

meningism

[mə′nin‚jiz·əm]
(medicine)
A condition in which signs and symptoms suggest meningitis, but clinical evidence for the disease is absent. Also known as meningismus.
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The child for whom no lumbar puncture was performed had neurologic deterioration, meningism, and bilateral papilloedema; this child was treated empirically.
She had significant meningism and bilateral enlarged, non-tender cervical lymph nodes in the anterior and posterior triangles, but no focal neurological deficit at this point.
For 3 of these persons (2 men, 44 and 65 years of age; and 1 woman, 60 years of age), similar to the index patient, a typical biphasic course and symptoms of TBE (nonspecific flu-like symptoms followed by fever, cephalea, meningism, and ataxia after 4-10 days) developed and they were hospitalized.
In addition to measuring the head circumference, clues in the neurological examination that indicate a secondary cause would include depressed or altered level of consciousness, meningism, papilloedema (useful in older children to confirm raised intracranial pressure) and focal signs, including cranial nerve palsies and hemiparesis.
Acute CNS infections were suspected in those children with a febrile illness (<2 weeks' duration) and 1 of the following signs or symptoms: meningism, photophobia, severe headache, altered mental status, seizures, or focal neurologic signs.
In HIV-infected patients, fever (86%), headache (93%), and meningism (50%) occurred in most patients; by contrast, patients with neuro-surgical devices bad lower rates of meningism (18%) and headaches (18%) but comparable rates of fever (82%) (10).
fever, headache, muscle pain, meningism, conjunctival suffusion, and jaundice), together with hemoptysis, hepatomegaly, diarrhea, hypotension, and reduced urine output.
6) (n = 36) Glasgow Coma Score ([double dagger]) 15 (15) (n = 38) Meningism (%) 2 (5) (n = 39) Hematocrit (%) ([double dagger]) 40 (13-48) (n = 35) Leukocyte count (x [10.
Somnolence, slurred speech, amnestic dysphasia, and impaired fine motor control, but no meningism, focal signs, pyramidal tract, or sensation impairment, were observed.