spina bifida

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spina bifida

a congenital condition in which the meninges of the spinal cord protrude through a gap in the backbone, sometimes causing enlargement of the skull (due to accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid) and paralysis

spina bifida

[¦spī·nə ′bī·fəd·ə]
(medicine)
A congenital anomaly characterized by defective closure of the vertebral canal with herniation of the spinal cord meninges.
References in periodicals archive ?
15 boys; 18 girls) with urodynamically confirmed diagnosis of NB after meningomyelocele were included in the study.
Shunt complications in the first postoperative year in children with meningomyelocele.
In children, certain benign diseases, such as neuropathic bladder dysfunction caused by congenital events, including meningomyelocele, require augmentation cystoplasty.
John Holter, an engineer, had a son with hydrocephalus as a patient in the Children's Hospital in Philadelphia; the child also had a severe meningomyelocele.
Children served at the Physical Disabilities Clinic include those with cerebral palsy, meningomyelocele, hydrocephalus, spinal cord injury, and traumatic brain injury.
Three infants were diagnosed with meningomyelocele and one with Dandy Walker syndrome.
Urinary tract infections are among the most common causes of fever in children in whom normal bladder function is disturbed because of spinal cord dysfunction, brain injury, meningomyelocele, birth defects, genetic disorders, or neuromuscular diseases.
Multiple structural abnormalities of the spinal cord and brain have been described in patients with MVSD including cerebral polygyria, (7) diastematomyelia, (8) Arnold-Chiari malformation with thoracolumbar meningomyelocele, (9) thoracolumbar rachischisis5 and hydrocephalus due to aqueductal stenosis, spina bifida cystica in the thoracolumbar region, and diastematomyelia.
Evaluation of latex in patients with meningomyelocele.
The NEJM study paired 96 infants diagnosed with Mobius syndrome (full or partial facial paralysis with or without other neurologic signs or accompanying limb malformations) in seven Brazilian hospitals, with 96 infants diagnosed with neural tube defects (meningocele, meningomyelocele, anencephaly, encephalocele) for the period January 1990 through May 1996 at the same hospitals.
Nonetheless, Amber, a youngster with meningomyelocele, was denied acceptance at her regular public school because she needed clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) during the school day.