mesenteric artery


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Related to mesenteric artery: celiac artery, mesenteric artery syndrome, Mesenteric Artery Disease

mesenteric artery

[¦mez·ən¦ter·ik ′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
Either of two main arterial branches arising from the abdominal aorta: the inferior, supplying the descending colon and the rectum, and the superior, supplying the small intestine, the cecum, and the ascending and transverse colon.
References in periodicals archive ?
The study suggests minimally invasive mesenteric artery stenting can safely and effectively open blocked arteries and keep them open.
Computed tomography angiography also allows the caudal and cranial vena cava (Fig 14), the carotid arteries, the mesenteric artery and some of its ramifications, and several of the smaller arteries of the avian body to be visualized.
2002), demonstrating the origin and distribution of the mesenteric artery in dogs, reported that the cranial mesenteric artery was originated in the ventral portion of the descending abdominal aorta in all preparations (100%) and released the left adrenal branches and the right pancreatic ones, as well as the caudal pancreaticoduodenal arteries and the middle and left colic, as well as also the ileocolic artery.
It is interesting that in pathology samples of the popliteal artery and the superior mesenteric artery, vasculitis was noted.
5-cm pseudoaneurysm of the superior mesenteric artery managed by primary surgical repair.
4) demonstrated the classic sign of whirling of the mesenteric vessels around the superior mesenteric artery (SMA).
Since he had ongoing constitutional symptoms with negative serology and cultures, a conventional mesenteric artery angiography was performed to rule out polyarteritis nodosa.
Disease may present with fistula formation with adjacent organs, there are isolated reports of bilio-duodenal (4), aortoduodenal (5), and mesenteric artery duodenal fistula (1).
Vascular reactivity was assessed in mesenteric artery rings using organ chambers, oxidative stress by dihydroethidine staining and cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) and -2 (COX-2) expression by immunohistochemistry.
A computed tomography (CT) scan of the patient's abdomen demonstrated a 3 x 3-cm aneurysm in one of the branches of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA), with no leakage or rupture, and a splenic infarct (Figure 1).