mesitylene


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Related to mesitylene: mesityl oxide

mesitylene

[mə′sid·əl·ēn]
(organic chemistry)
C9H12 A colorless fragrant liquid that boils at 164.7°C (328.6°F); it is an aromatic hydrocarbon that is part of the benzene series, and occurs naturally in coal tar or is synthesized from acetone.
References in periodicals archive ?
G100 is a hydrocarbon-based fuel with high aromatic content, either xylenes or mesitylene, as Swift uses as its primary component.
For an organic solvent, mesitylene (Aldrich, 98%), benzyl ether (Aldrich, 98%) and isopropanol (Aldrich, 99%) and 1-methylimidazole (Acros, 99%) were used for IPN hydrogenation.
Given the solvents with a lower boiling point, mesitylene (163[degrees]C) and 2-propanol (82[degrees]C), the MXDA yield decreased with reaction temperature.
Interestingly, with further increased temperatures, the MXDA yield over mesitylene and isopropanol was decreased due to not only amine cleavage but also the formation of bulky molecules by polymerization (see Table 2).
According to the FAA's report, Swift Fuel contains 85 percent mesitylene and 15 percent isopentane, although that ratio may vary.
These materials are cheaper than mesitylene and traded on chemical commodity markets, thus they're more widely available.
To beat the mesitylene price challenge, Swift proposes to make its own from acetone and the core of its research work is to refine that process and--the critical part--to find cheap acetone.
Those materials would be treated and fermented to make acetone which would then be dimerized and trimerized to make a binary blend of isopentane and mesitylene, the final fuel.
If this is true, the key will be the cost of acetone, about three gallons of which will be required to make a single gallon of mesitylene.