mesmerism


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Related to mesmerism: animal magnetism

mesmerism:

see hypnotismhypnotism
[Gr.,=putting to sleep], to induce an altered state of consciousness characterized by deep relaxation and heightened suggestibility. The term was originally coined by James Braid in 1842 to describe a phenomenon previously known as animal magnetism or mesmerism (see
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.

Mesmerism

 

an antiscientific medical system promoted by the Austrian physician (of Swiss origin) F. Mesmer (1734–1815) and based on the notion of animal magnetism, widespread at the end of the 18th century in France and Germany. Mesmer believed that the planets affect man through a special magnetic force and that a person in command of this force can emit it to others to favorably influence the course of all diseases. The untenability of the theory was demonstrated in 1774 by a special commission that included A. L. Lavoisier.

mesmerism

[′mez·mə‚riz·əm]
(psychology)
Hypnotism induced by animal magnetism, a supposed force passing from operator to subject.
References in periodicals archive ?
Combining a performative, "Africanist" mysticism with the mysticism of mesmerism and other popular sciences, Brown dramatized his distance from the various abolitionist scripts that had limited him in the United States.
18) The idea that Brown is constructing a weird abortographism transmitted through sympathy is not as far-fetched as it sounds, given that his other gothic literary endeavors include the exploits of a shyster ventriloquist with a talking dog (Carwin the Biloquist), contagious diseases, including traditional epidemics in addition to sleepwalking (Arthur Mervyn), and mesmerism and spontaneous human combustion (Wieland).
There will be several mediums in attendance, and an authentic Victorian seance will take place, with demonstrations of mesmerism, automatic writing and glass movement.
Down in the crowd, Lewis Harrison plies his mesmerism, conducting the buyers like an orchestra, sweeping his hands around the circle, cuing the uncertain with an eyebrow, raising his arms sharply, straight up--"Sold
The light is diffused and the mesmerism of a nostalgic moment--"it was a long time since Nick had looked into a stream and seen trout"--allows the fish to escape his attention momentarily.
Ralph Bauer considers early English and Spanish reactions to Native American knowledge in light of contemporary European occult philosophy--a theme echoed in the essays by Susan Scott Parish on diasporic African sources of Enlightenment knowledge, James Delbourgo on the symbolism of electrical machines and electric eels, and Francois Regourd on mesmerism and Vodou on Saint Domingue in the 1780s.
In the Science section are terms such as Darwinism, Mesmerism, and string theory.
Understanding Dracula's "effluvia," concludes Saudo, "helps reveal the many social fears and scientific questionings of the end of the nineteenth century" (56) and, in particular, connects with the nineteenth-century fascination with supernatural forms of communication such as magnetic phenomena and mesmerism.
the science of magnetic healing, telepathy, mind reading, clairvoyant hypnosis, mesmerism, animal magnetism and kindred sciences.
Moreover, in the course of the novel, his magnetic powers are co-opted by the more or less official 'science' of Mesmerism, whose doctors formulate and pragmatically apply otherwise inexplicable forces of the mind through the use of a medical form of hypnotism.
Cameron, at Gus's Klan trial, uses mesmerism to get a confession out of Gus.
He finds that when these sources take up ideas such as Jewish "emancipation" and cultural assimilation, universal musical ideals, democracy, capitalism, musical mastery and its close connection with mesmerism (treated as a kind of identity-theft of varying duration: it creates a new persona in La Svengali, an enthralled evening of aesthetic transcendence for given concert audiences), they collectively create the figure of the wandering Jew.