metonymy

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Related to metonymic: synecdoche, metonymy

metonymy

(mĭtŏn`əmē), figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing or something closely related to it is substituted for the thing itself. Thus, "sweat" can mean "hard labor," and "Capitol Hill" represents the U.S. Congress.

metonymy

the substitution of a word referring to an attribute of a thing for the thing itself, e. the ‘crown’ to refer to the monarch. The role of metonymy in social life is a topic especially in SEMIOLOGY. See also METAPHOR, SYMBOL.

Metonymy

 

(1) A trope based on the principle of contiguity. Like metaphor, metonymy is possible because a word may have a double or multiple meaning. Thus, in the phrase “I ate three plates” (I. A. Krylov), the word “plate” simultaneously denotes two phenomena—the food and the dish. In metonymy, as in metaphor, the direct meaning of a word is superimposed on its referential meaning. However, in metonymy the two components are joined by relationships of contiguity rather than of similarity.

In metonymy the phenomena forming an “object pair” may be related to each other in a number of ways. For example, they may be whole and part (the synecdoche “Hey, you—beard! How do we get to Pliushkin’s from here?” N. V. Gogol), object and material (“He ate not on silver, but on gold,” A. S. Griboedov), or content and container (“The stoked stove crackles,” A. S. Pushkin). They may also be characteristic and characterized (“Boldness conquers cities”) or creation and creator (“The muzhik . . . will bring Belinskii and Gogol home from the market,” N. A. Nekrasov).

The artistic features of metonymy depend on the author, the culture, and the literary style. (Mythological metonymy is found in works by classical writers, who, for example, used the name of the god Mars to refer to war.)

(2) The term “metonymy” is also used to designate the use of a word in its secondary meaning, when it is related to the primary meaning by the principle of contiguity. For example, “crystal has gone on sale” and “crystal is glass containing lead oxide.” Because this phenonenon is characterized not by “renaming” but by simple naming (nomination), by a single level of meaning, and by the absence of imagistic effect, it is more correct to call it metonymization.

V. I. KOROL’KOV

References in periodicals archive ?
As we see in Figure 2, the word formation meaning of derivations implies the meaning of intensification, extension of meaning, metonymic change, metaphor, etc.
However, while this instance calls to question earlier arguments, the possibility of reading the deployment of the foregoing linguistic features in the selected works as metonymic of drive for socio-cultural unity is not in doubt.
But the grotesque, metonymic picture (his legs, missing from his lower body, will grow as lilac-shoots) that comprises the foundation of the physical--and metaphorically, spiritual--renewal, ultimately emphasizes his failure in realizing such a world.
Thus, like metaphors, metonymic concepts structure not just our language but our thoughts, attitudes and actions.
While in the world of metonymic identification of any term with any other term, ritual dances are regarded as the very identity of the danced events, whether the latter are rain, demons, divinities, or ancestors, in the world of eternal return dance assumes preeminence.
In the metonymic text meaning is less centred, more fluid, constantly on the move.
Photographs are ipso facto metonymic reductions of the real.
This particular jacket, one of three in the Voyageur capsule collection, is the Mackintosh signature, the metonymic style used to represent the company, so Kuroki stayed extra-true to the original.
25) This metonymic conception, I suggest, makes these texts particularly susceptible to the kinds of creative usage that may lead to evolutions in meaning over time.
Similarly, the activities of the international petroleum industry tend to dominate popular perceptions of environmental despoliation owing both to the metonymic centrality of oil to modern life and the lurid, all-encompassing nature of its technological disasters, ranging from discrete events like the Exxon Valdez and Deepwater Horizon tragedies to the broader effects of war and global warming.
Sage argues how Baudrillard's essentially metonymic reconstruction of Crash overlooks the impact of Ballard's deadpan use of language which is also full of lurking metaphor.
I want to argue that sensationalism at the heart of reportage, and specifically photography, is fuelled by a metonymic production and reproduction of images.