metonymy

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Related to metonymic: synecdoche, metonymy

metonymy

(mĭtŏn`əmē), figure of speech in which an attribute of a thing or something closely related to it is substituted for the thing itself. Thus, "sweat" can mean "hard labor," and "Capitol Hill" represents the U.S. Congress.

metonymy

the substitution of a word referring to an attribute of a thing for the thing itself, e. the ‘crown’ to refer to the monarch. The role of metonymy in social life is a topic especially in SEMIOLOGY. See also METAPHOR, SYMBOL.

Metonymy

 

(1) A trope based on the principle of contiguity. Like metaphor, metonymy is possible because a word may have a double or multiple meaning. Thus, in the phrase “I ate three plates” (I. A. Krylov), the word “plate” simultaneously denotes two phenomena—the food and the dish. In metonymy, as in metaphor, the direct meaning of a word is superimposed on its referential meaning. However, in metonymy the two components are joined by relationships of contiguity rather than of similarity.

In metonymy the phenomena forming an “object pair” may be related to each other in a number of ways. For example, they may be whole and part (the synecdoche “Hey, you—beard! How do we get to Pliushkin’s from here?” N. V. Gogol), object and material (“He ate not on silver, but on gold,” A. S. Griboedov), or content and container (“The stoked stove crackles,” A. S. Pushkin). They may also be characteristic and characterized (“Boldness conquers cities”) or creation and creator (“The muzhik . . . will bring Belinskii and Gogol home from the market,” N. A. Nekrasov).

The artistic features of metonymy depend on the author, the culture, and the literary style. (Mythological metonymy is found in works by classical writers, who, for example, used the name of the god Mars to refer to war.)

(2) The term “metonymy” is also used to designate the use of a word in its secondary meaning, when it is related to the primary meaning by the principle of contiguity. For example, “crystal has gone on sale” and “crystal is glass containing lead oxide.” Because this phenonenon is characterized not by “renaming” but by simple naming (nomination), by a single level of meaning, and by the absence of imagistic effect, it is more correct to call it metonymization.

V. I. KOROL’KOV

References in periodicals archive ?
We can see examples of the process of the "diminishment" of the power of language in Treebeard's long and metonymic story-name for his home (a-lalla-laUa-rumba-kamanda-lind-or-burume) reduced to Pippin's short, classificatory suggestion of "hill," or the fading progression from Laurelinorenan to Lothlorien to Lorien indicating the land's "regressively receding relationship to Time and Change" (Flieger, "Mind" 247248).
If, as Janda claims, "the context for the metonymic relationship is the affix" (2011: 360), then we should treat the affix to be precisely "this part of linguistic unit which, together with the word's stem, explicitly points to the (part of) of the concept to be named.
13) These metonymies are not isolated: they interact by means of the metonymic complex INSTRUMENT FOR ACTION FOR RESULT.
This comprises a metonymic list of perceptual confusion, in which the objects appear randomly to the speaker himself as "a jumble of fragments and ripped things.
Derrida (2007b) further describes this relationship saying, "The metonymic force thus divides the referential trait, suspends the referent and leaves it to be desired, while still maintaining the reference.
In this context, it can be contested that the application of the A-effect in the text can make room for the director to convey the "foreignness" of the ST to the target audience by foregrounding the metonymic aspects of the work.
The X With Y construction also differs from the X About Y construction since it needs metonymic licensing in order to amalgamate with the transitive and the intransitive constructions when used with verbs of instrument of communication like phone and email.
After 5 lines beginning with "The," introducing nearly metaphorically the metonymic aspirations of the poem, its telling of "glories strung like beads on my smallest sights and hearings," the sixth line adumbrates the next anaphoric chain by starting "The others" and, after asserting a "tie" between temporally isolated others, the stanza ends with that very word "others" on the right margin only to have the poem "cross" the whitespace to find the same word waiting for it on the left, where it will, just like "The," serve as a formal device for introducing the available sites of percepts of place, what Bertrand Russell would later call "sensibilia," or "unsensed sense-data"; the anaphora will then model the substitutability of persons capable of pursuing those percepts.
42) Similarly, a local newspaper circulated the same metonymic phrase with the same additional word 'already': 'Layla, a Kurdish wife engaged already in the cradle and living in Istanbul, Turkey, shames her family, because she does not bleed in the bed' on her wedding night.
This particular jacket, one of three in the Voyageur capsule collection, is the Mackintosh signature, the metonymic style used to represent the company, so Kuroki stayed extra-true to the original.
Sage argues how Baudrillard's essentially metonymic reconstruction of Crash overlooks the impact of Ballard's deadpan use of language which is also full of lurking metaphor.
I want to argue that sensationalism at the heart of reportage, and specifically photography, is fuelled by a metonymic production and reproduction of images.