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Inflammation of the uterus, usually involving both the endometrium and myometrium.



inflammation of the muscular and mucosal layers of the uterus.

Metritis is caused by the introduction of infection (usually streptococcal or staphylococcal) into the uterine cavity after abortion or complications in labor. Less often, metritis is a complication of acute diseases, such as tuberculosis or tonsillitis. In the majority of cases it begins with inflammation of the mucosa, called endometritis, but in acute endometritis the inflammatory process almost always extends to the muscular layer, so that metritis proper develops and the entire process acquires the character of metroendometritis. Acute metritis is manifested by elevation of body temperature, general weakness, and headache. The uterus is enlarged and tender. Palpation produces vaginal discharges of pus or of blood and pus.

Acute metritis is treated with rest, cold applied to the lower abdomen, antibiotics, and sulfanilamide preparations. Chronic metritis is treated with physical therapy and health resort therapy.

References in periodicals archive ?
One cow, diagnosed with metritis and peritonitis, was necropsied.
Determining the immune status of periparturient animals in relation to the occurrence of endometritis, metritis and delayed uterine involution (PRD) during the postpartum period may assist to develop some efficient reproductive management strategies for dairy animals.
There were no significant differences in the occurrence of retained placenta, metritis, endometritis, ketosis, mastitis and udder edema due to DCAD treatments.
Kim and Suh (2003) described the occurrence of metritis and metabolic diseases (including abomasal displacement, milk fever, and ketosis) which was greater (p<0.
Presaging the devastating outbreak of contagious equine metritis in 1977, and the need for an emergency store of semen in case of an epidemic of venereally transmitted disease, they began experimenting with freezing semen from National Stud stallions.
The ban was put in place five years ago because of an isolated outbreak of Contagious Equine Metritis in Britain and shows no signs of being lifted, while other EU countries continue to be able to trade.
She said: ``Diagnoses of single cases of equine viral arteritis (EVA) and contagious equine metritis (CEM), in England in December and March, were a timely reminder of the need to avoid venereal disease in the breeding season.
The warnings come as the Levy Board releases its new codes of practice for the prevention and control of three communicative diseases affecting breeding animals - contagious equine metritis (CEM), equine viral arteritis (EVA) and EHV (equine herpes virus).
lContagious equine metritis rears its ugly head again at the National Stud.
Ketosis, hypocalcemia, fatty liver syndrome, retained placenta, metritis, mastitis and other related diseases occur frequently in this period (Wilde 2006).
Monitoring of temperature in ruminants can aid in heat stress, monitoring and detection of mastitis, estrus, metritis, pneumonia/respiratory disease, pregnancy, and overall animal well-being.
This can cause one of the following: Metritis - This usually occurs within |the first two weeks after calving and can be severe.