metronome

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metronome

(mĕ`trənōm'), in music, originally pyramid-shaped clockwork mechanism to indicate the exact tempo in which a work is to be performed. It has a double pendulum whose pace can be altered by sliding the upper weight up or down. The sliding bob indicates the rate of oscillation by means of calibrations on the pendulum. A number to indicate the rate at which the metronome is to be set and a note whose value is to equal one beat of the metronome are often given on a piece of music, preceded by the initials MM, for Mälzel's Metronome—Johann Mälzel (1772–1838) having made in 1816 the type of metronome in general use today. Beethoven and Schumann left such tempo indications for many of their compositions, but for earlier music and often for later music such indications are those of the editor. A pocket-watch type of metronome was developed in the 1940s; a boxlike electric metronome has also become popular, as well as digital metronomes.

Metronome

 

an instrument for aurally ascertaining the basic time values of the meter (Takf). Metronomes are used to attain the precise execution of the tempo of a musical work.

Instruments similar to the metronome were first made in the 17th century. The modern metronome, which was perfected by the Viennese craftsman J. N. Maelzel and patented in 1816, consists of a wooden pyramidal case with a scale of units, a mainspring, and a pendulum with a sliding weight. The oscillations of the pendulum are accompanied by a strictly even ticking. The number of oscillations per unit of time depends on the location of the weight. To set the metronome for the necessary number of ticks per minute, the weight is placed opposite the appropriate figure on the scale. The metronome is also used in physical culture exercises and laboratory experiments.

metronome

a mechanical device which indicates the exact tempo of a piece of music by producing a clicking sound from a pendulum with an adjustable period of swing
References in periodicals archive ?
With Pro Tools we could sit for three months making sure that everything was metronomically perfect and it would just be incredibly boring.
That's why many will want to back the metronomically straight Francesco Molinari but the Italian's putting, poor lastround body language when in contention, and chronic inability to win in the past four years means he always start at too short a price.
Dallas-born Verplank is metronomically straight - he hit 75 per cent of fairways at the Nelson - and was seventh at Colonial the same year he won the Nelson, so these Texan courses suit him.
Molinari is not long but metronomically straight, not dissimilar in playing strengths to Poulter who won on the course nine years ago.
Loeb became strangely accidentprone after his nap hand of victories, allowing the metronomically consistent Mikko Hirvonen to catch up in the standings.
Newbury is a rhythm track where the fences are evenly spaced out, and that suits a horse like Slim Pickings, who can jump away metronomically before moving through the pack later in the race.
He has top-tens on his two latest trips to LaCantera, in 2003 and 2006, and this metronomically straight driver will be in his element on a course where his lack of length is not a negative.
That's strange, because she is famous for hitting fairways and greens and being metronomically accurate on tight, US Open-style layouts.
But the bookies appear to have Donald's number at 20-1 while they may well have underrated Westwood who is not quite so metronomically straight as the Chicago-based 28-year-old or as dazzling with the irons, but has a surer touch on the greens and perhaps a more dogged final-round temperament.
Luke Donald, metronomically accurate with driver and irons, can start 2006 as he finished 2005, with a victory on a course that clearly suits his talents.
I was also going to recommend a sell of Nick O'Hern as well at 18, thinking that the metronomically steady Perth left-hander would have shown a profit at that price on all his 2005 starts.