metronome

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metronome

(mĕ`trənōm'), in music, originally pyramid-shaped clockwork mechanism to indicate the exact tempo in which a work is to be performed. It has a double pendulum whose pace can be altered by sliding the upper weight up or down. The sliding bob indicates the rate of oscillation by means of calibrations on the pendulum. A number to indicate the rate at which the metronome is to be set and a note whose value is to equal one beat of the metronome are often given on a piece of music, preceded by the initials MM, for Mälzel's Metronome—Johann Mälzel (1772–1838) having made in 1816 the type of metronome in general use today. Beethoven and Schumann left such tempo indications for many of their compositions, but for earlier music and often for later music such indications are those of the editor. A pocket-watch type of metronome was developed in the 1940s; a boxlike electric metronome has also become popular, as well as digital metronomes.

Metronome

 

an instrument for aurally ascertaining the basic time values of the meter (Takf). Metronomes are used to attain the precise execution of the tempo of a musical work.

Instruments similar to the metronome were first made in the 17th century. The modern metronome, which was perfected by the Viennese craftsman J. N. Maelzel and patented in 1816, consists of a wooden pyramidal case with a scale of units, a mainspring, and a pendulum with a sliding weight. The oscillations of the pendulum are accompanied by a strictly even ticking. The number of oscillations per unit of time depends on the location of the weight. To set the metronome for the necessary number of ticks per minute, the weight is placed opposite the appropriate figure on the scale. The metronome is also used in physical culture exercises and laboratory experiments.

metronome

a mechanical device which indicates the exact tempo of a piece of music by producing a clicking sound from a pendulum with an adjustable period of swing
References in periodicals archive ?
He further assumes that the dialogue proceeds metronomically with the younger waiter then speaking the line "Who cut him down?
But (as I shall argue in part 2 of this essay) a metronomically unvarying performance of any of the numerous Schubert songs which have no written tempo modifications would be at best lifeless, at worst simply monstrous.
Nevertheless, I don't encourage my younger students to do any of this until they are metronomically solid.
Nobody is more consistent than the metronomically straight Francesco Molinari and the Italian rates a decent-value outsider in a match-up with Paul Casey.
Makose Antonio's lead vocal lines are harmoniously supported by the rest of the band, bobbing along on the convoluted latticework of guitars, successfully approximating the circular chatter of the traditional mbira thumb piano, keyboards adding another thread, hi-hat flashing metronomically.
When Branagh wants to project an impression of heroic acting, he alternates metronomically between bellowing and whining.
Few people would advocate a metronomically strict approach to mensuration and tempo, but this sort of discrepancy implies that mensuration signs have no practical function, that they indicate nothing at all about relative duration, even on the most basic level.
He is not over-long but metronomically straight off the tee.
MPs whooped and cheered to the bemusement of a Chancellor who had, until that point, been plodding metronomically through the commercial property rateable values and uttering leaden sentences like "the flexible tax credits system has risen to the challenge of the downturn".
With Pro Tools we could sit for three months making sure that everything was metronomically perfect and it would just be incredibly boring.
That's why many will want to back the metronomically straight Francesco Molinari but the Italian's putting, poor lastround body language when in contention, and chronic inability to win in the past four years means he always start at too short a price.
Dallas-born Verplank is metronomically straight - he hit 75 per cent of fairways at the Nelson - and was seventh at Colonial the same year he won the Nelson, so these Texan courses suit him.