CCS materials (representing microlithic technology) show the reverse trend, first appearing during the LGM but comprising nearly 40% of the post-LGM assemblage (Figure 5).
Microlithic technology in northern Asia: a risk-minimizing strategy of the Late Paleolithic and Early Holocene, in R.
Stratigraphic excavations at Adrar Bous did allow for the resolution of the Terminal Pleistocene and Holocene assemblages into three distinct industries, each associated with moister periods and nearby lakes: the Epipalaeolithic non-microlithic
, blade-based industry with characteristic points (Chapter 6); the Kiffian microlithic
industry with geometrics but no distinct point forms, with tare pottery, occasional bone points and harpoons, and aquatic faunas (Chapter 7); and the Tenerian macrolithic industry with a variety of retouched forms and with pottery, groundstone and domestic cattle (Chapter 8).
Microlithic technologies play a central role in debates over modern human origins and dispersals, responses to risk and climate change, and the emergence of modern human capacities for complex behaviour and symbolic thought (Clark 1968; Neeley & Barton 1994; Bar-Yosef & Kuhn 1999; Kuhn & Stiner 1999; Klein 2000; Hiscock 2002; Foley & Lahr 2004; James & Petraglia 2005; Mellars 2006; Anikovitch et al.
To date, South Asia has played a minor role in most discussions of early microlithic innovation, other than as a passive recipient of technologies developed elsewhere (Mellars 2006).
The Jwalapuram Locality 9 rockshelter site, located in southern India's Kurnool District, (Figures 1-3), preserves the oldest microlithic sequence yet obtained in India, and one of the longest known continuous records of microlithic technology in the world.
As there are few detailed studies of microlithic technology in India, a summary of the technology through rime is warranted.
90m) to the top of the deposit (Figure 9), and therefore form a continuous microlithic record from sometime prior to 34 000 years ago up until the late Holocene.
Evidence for pronounced technological changes within the Locality 9 sequence challenges the common conception of the microlithic as a largely unchanging industry.