Microprogram(redirected from microprograms)
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an associated set of microinstructions in digital computers. Each microinstruction indicates the machine micro-operations or micro-orders, the address of the next microinstruction, the duration of the microinstruction itself, and special actions relating to test operations. One microprogram can call out another as a microsubroutine. By changing the sequence and composition of the microinstructions—that is, by altering the structure of a microprogram—the system of instructions for a digital computer can be changed, thus adapting it to a certain class of problems or providing program compatibility with another digital computer.
Microprograms are usually stored in a specialized memory, which responds more rapidly than a direct-access memory. The length of a microprogram is usually 10–100 microinstructions, and a microinstruction requires 16–100 or more binary digits. The length of a microprogram in small digital computers is 256–1,024 16-digit words; in medium and large computers it is 1,024–8,196 words of 50 to 100 digits each.
REFERENCESBoulaye, G. Mikroprogrammirovanie. Edited by M. D. Pebart. Moscow, 1973. (Translated from French.)
A. V. GUSEV