microvillus


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microvillus

[¦mī·krō′vil·əs]
(cell and molecular biology)
One of the filiform processes that form a brush border on the surfaces of certain specialized cells, such as intestinal epithelium.
References in periodicals archive ?
A few microvillus cells (MV), were observed in the space between the ciliated non- sensory cells in all portions of the olfactory lamellae (Fig.
Functional characterization of mutations in the myosin Vb gene associated with microvillus inclusion disease.
The relationship is very strong, but the volume fraction occupied by rhabdomeres in the rhabdomeric layer, the numerical density of the microvilli in the rhabdomere, and the diameter of each microvillus show an inconspicuous growth.
The inquest heard the youngster, who was a pupil at May-field School in Handsworth, was born with microvillus inclusion - a rare disease which causes severe and often lifethreatening diarrhoea.
A Midlands health official said the only child affected was six-year-old schoolgirl Sameerah Ahmad, of Gillott Road, Edgbaston, who died at Birmingham Children's Hospital on June 29, suffering with severe rare condition Microvillus Inclusion Disease, which affects the lining of the small intestine.
Sameerah, who lived in Edgbaston with her parents and attended the specialist Mayfield School in the city, was born with a rare, life-threatening disease called microvillus inclusion disease, which left her liable to contracting infections.
Hospital consultant Dr Gale Pearson said Sameerah had been born with microvillus inclusion disease, which affects one in 10,000, adding: "It can be life threatening.
The first steps of the endocytotic process, which occurred in principal cells of the vas deferens were, marked by presence of caveolae formed among the microvillus of the apical brush border.
The enterocele cells with microvillus and glycoprotein coating are involved in absorbing oral insulin, digesting food with sugar, liquids, secretions, etc.
Increases in intracellular calcium levels can result in the depolymerization of actin by villin (a calcium-dependent microvillus protein) and a breakdown of the host cytoskeleton not unlike that seen in EPEC-infected cells (24).
Indications for the use of HPN in children are short bowel syndrome (SBS), chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction (CIP), intractable diarrhea, congenital microvillus atrophy, and Crohn's disease (Dahlstrom, Strandvik, Kopple, & Ament, 1985; Ricour, 1989).