microvillus


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Related to microvillus: microvillus inclusion disease, Gnarled enamel, mimetic muscles, Oxyphil cells, hamular process

microvillus

[¦mī·krō′vil·əs]
(cell and molecular biology)
One of the filiform processes that form a brush border on the surfaces of certain specialized cells, such as intestinal epithelium.
References in periodicals archive ?
The relationship is very strong, but the volume fraction occupied by rhabdomeres in the rhabdomeric layer, the numerical density of the microvilli in the rhabdomere, and the diameter of each microvillus show an inconspicuous growth.
Sameerah was suffering from microvillus inclusion disease and was very seriously ill," he said.
Giardia has a very simple life cycle and lives in the small intestine attached to the microvillus surface of the duodenum and jejunum.
STEC containing LEE are characterized by their ability to attach to the host intestinal mucosa and destroy the surrounding microvillus brush border, which causes substantial cytoskeletal rearrangements within the enterocyte (3).
Although Caco-2 cells originate from human colon carcinoma, they acquire many features of absorptive intestinal cells during culture such as microvillus structure, metabolic enzymes and carrier-mediated transport systems for sugars, amino acids and several drugs.
Each microvillus contains 20 structures called microfilaments, which function much like the poles supporting a tent.
In addition, Acroeimeria was reported to have endogenous stages, meronts, and gamonts developing at the microvillus zone of the host cell and enclosed within the microvillus boundary, extending above the intestinal mucosal surface.
The BNC are involved in: i) removal and replacement of uterine LE; ii) establishment of a syncytium between maternal and conceptus compartments for immunological protection of the conceptus; iii) production of ovine placental lactogen (CSH1); iv) production and transport of macromolecules; and v) immobilization of trophectoderm to accomodate microvillus interdigitation with uterine LE/sGE.
It is the second death following sixyear-old Sameerah Ahmad, of Gillott Road, Edgbaston, who died at Birmingham Children's Hospital while infected with the virus on June 26, but was seriously ill with Microvillus Inclusion Disease affecting the lining of the small intestine.
The enterocele cells with microvillus and glycoprotein coating are involved in absorbing oral insulin, digesting food with sugar, liquids, secretions, etc.
Little Hollie O'Riordan was just one of 50 people in the world who suffered from Microvillus Inclusion Disease.