Midway

(redirected from midways)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal.

Midway,

island group (2 sq mi/5.2 sq km), central Pacific, c.1,150 mi (1,850 km) NW of Honolulu, comprising Sand and Eastern islands with the surrounding atoll. Discovered by Americans in 1859, Midway was annexed in 1867. A cable station was opened in 1903. In 1935, Midway became a commercial air station of Pan American Airways, and in 1941 a U.S. naval base was opened. The last navy facilities on the island closed in 1993. In 1996 the islands were transferred from the U.S. Navy to U.S. Dept. of the Interior, which manages them as a national wildlife refuge. The battle of Midway (June 3–6, 1942), one of the decisive Allied victories of World War II, involved the island but mainly occurred between opposing fleets at sea. Fought mostly with aircraft, it resulted in the destruction of four Japanese aircraft carriers, crippling the Japanese navy.

Bibliography

See C. L. Symonds, The Battle of Midway (2011).

Midway

 

a coral atoll in the Pacific Ocean, in the northwestern group of the Hawaiian Islands. It arose on the basalt foundation of an extinct volcano. The lagoon of the atoll contains several tiny islands; the two largest—Sand Island and Eastern Island—have an area of 5.2 sq km. Population, 2,000 (1968). Midway is a stopover point on the air route between the USA and the countries of Asia. Sand Island has a trans-Pacific cable station, an airfield, and a lighthouse.

During World War II a battle took place near Midway on June 4—6, 1942, between a large Japanese shock unit (including 11 battleships, six aircraft carriers with 293 planes, 16 cruisers, and 53 destroyers), which was attempting to capture the US base of operations at Midway, and an American fleet (three aircraft carriers with 243 planes, eight cruisers, and 14 destroyers). In fighting the American carrier aircraft, the Japanese lost four carriers, one cruiser, and 253 planes and were forced to retreat. As a result, the Japanese Navy lost its superiority in aircraft carriers. The Americans lost one carrier, one destroyer, and 150 planes.

Midway

site of decisive battle between Japanese and Americans in WWII (1942). [Am. Hist.: EB, VI: 877–878]
See: Battle

Midway

decisive American victory over Japanese in WWII (1942). [Am. Hist.: Fuller, III, 470–477]
References in classic literature ?
Then he fell into such unaccountable fits of meditation, with his fork midway between his plate and his mouth; had his eyes attracted in such strange directions; was afflicted with such remarkable coughs; sat so far from the table, and dropped so much more than he ate, and pretended that he hadn't dropped it; that I was heartily glad when Herbert left us for the city.
The sky was clear, the sun midway down the western sky; long waves, capped by the breeze with froth, were running with us.
I doubt whether Eustace did not internally pronounce the whole thing a bore, until I led him to my predecessor's little ruined, rustic summer house, midway on the hillside.
A small party of Indians now advanced, bearing the pipe of peace; they were met by an equal number of white men, and they formed a group midway between the two bands, where the pipe was circulated from hand to hand, and smoked with all due ceremony.
Thereon he lashed his horses and they flew forward nothing loth midway twixt earth and starry heaven.
When we arrived within a short distance of the ridge, we were stopped by a mass of tall yellow reeds, growing together as thickly as they could stand, and as tough and stubborn as so many rods of steel; and we perceived, to our chagrin, that they extended midway up the elevation we proposed to ascend.
When dey do not bite off your thumbs dey are always dying from nostalgia-homesick-for dey haf der imperfect soul, which is midway arrested in defelopment-und too much Ego.
About midway in the short vista which my dreamy vision took in, one small circular island, profusely verdured, reposed upon the bosom of the stream.
Midway up the slope between the bridge and fort were the spectators -- a single company of infantry in line, at "parade rest," the butts of their rifles on the ground, the barrels inclining slightly backward against the right shoulder, the hands crossed upon the stock.
In fact he met the brute midway in its charge, striking its huge body with his closed fists and as futilely as he had been a fly attacking an elephant.
Midway down the long table on one side sat the grownup young people: Vera beside Berg, and Pierre beside Boris; and on the other side, the children, tutors, and governesses.
The reader travelling in Italy, or Belgium perhaps, has doubtless visited one or more of those spacious sacristies, introduced to which for the inspection of some more than usually recherche work of art, one is presently dominated by their reverend quiet: simple people coming and going there, devout, or at least on devout business, with half-pitched voices, not without touches of kindly humour, in what seems to express like a picture the most genial side, midway between the altar and the home, of the ecclesiastical life.