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1. a low-ranking member of the Mafia or other organized crime ring
2. Zoology
a. an individual in a colony of social insects, esp ants, that has powerful jaws adapted for defending the colony, crushing large food particles, etc.
b. (as modifier): soldier ant


A brick laid vertically with the longer, narrow face exposed. See also: Brick


a serving member of an army. In its original sense the term meant a ‘hired man’, reflecting the fact that in premodern states, with some exceptions (e.g. Roman), rather than being conscripted to a citizen army, soldiers were recruited to the personal service of rulers or warlords on a more ad hoc basis. Compare STANDING ARMY.



(1) An enlisted man.

(2) In the broad sense, a warrior, a military man, or a military veteran.

(3) In the figurative sense, a person who has devoted himself to a cause, for example, a soldier of the revolution.

The term “soldier” originally meant a mercenary warrior who was paid for his service; it appeared in Italy in the 15th century and later gained currency in Western Europe. In Russia, the term (soldat) appeared in the 17th century with the formation of infantry regiments of the new order, modeled on Western European armies. In the regular Russian Army beginning in the 18th century, a recruit received the rank of soldier after a specified time of service. Serfs conscripted under the system of compulsory service recruitment (18th and first half of the 19th century) were emancipated and passed into the soldiers’ estate (soldatskoe soslovie), which included the soldiers’ wives and children.

After the abolition of serfdom in 1861 and the introduction of the compulsory military service system in 1874, the soldiers’ estate ceased to exist, and personnel of the lower ranks—from private to acting officer—were no longer officially called soldiers; the term “soldier” was retained only in the expression “new soldier” (molodoi soldat) to designate recruits who had not yet completed the program of basic training.

After the February Revolution of 1917, the designation “lower rank” was replaced with the rank of soldier in accord with the March 5 order of the military authority. Withthe formation of the Red Army, low-ranking enlisted men were given the rank of krasnoarmeets (“Red Army soldier”) beginning in January 1918. In July 1946 the category of soldier, which included the ranks of private and private first class, was introduced in the Soviet armed forces (seeMILITARY RANKS).



soldier, 1
1. A brick that is laid on end, i.e., positioned vertically with its narrower face showing on the wall surface; compare with sailor.
2. Same as soldier pile.

soldier pile, soldier

1. In excavation work, a vertical member which takes the side thrust from horizontal sheeting or from walings and which is supported by struts across the excavation.
2. A vertical member used to prevent the movement of formwork; is held in place by struts, bolts, or wires.
References in periodicals archive ?
In its earlier statement, the General Staff said no weapons, ammunition, voice recorders or other technical devices were found in the vehicles or houses of the two military personnel.
In the field, military personnel have no assurance of safe havens in which to discuss the difficulties of being separated from civilian partners.
Cox says he has struggled to build a team of civilian and military personnel that meshes well.
Examples of recent programs include combined demining training of military personnel from Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia, conducted in Tbilisi, Georgia, and the successful completion train of the trainer programs in Bosnia, Mozambique, Moldova, Namibia, Rwanda, Swaziland and Zimbabwe
Pending an ongoing investigation, the Border Patrol has suspended its use of military personnel.
The DOD bill allocates $5 million for peer-reviewed research by nongovernment scientists, including epidemiological surveys of Gulf War military personnel and their families.
TREA joins several other military advocacy organizations that have recently signed on to the Coalition's efforts to raise awareness of the importance of commissaries and exchanges in the lives of military personnel.
Ilker Basbug, State Minister & Deputy Prime Minister Cemil Cicek and Justice Minister Sadullah Ergin debated a legal arrangement on trial of military personnel before civil courts.
The aim is to honor military personnel past and present, increase awareness of the responsibilities and contributions of military personnel and to raise money for charities that support American troops overseas, their families and veterans, Goodreau said.
In 1878, Congress enacted the Posse Comitatus law, which bans the use of American military personnel in domestic law enforcement.
Military Personnel: DoD Needs to Conduct a Data-Driven Analysis of Active Military Personnel Levels Required to Implement the Defense Strategy, GAO-05-200, Feb.
Golden Corral estimated that 236,000 veterans and active duty military personnel enjoyed free dinners at more than 400 restaurants in 39 states.

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