milk-alkali syndrome

(redirected from milk alkali syndrome)
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milk-alkali syndrome

[′milk ′al·kə‚lī ‚sin‚drōm]
(medicine)
A complex of symptoms associated with prolonged excessive intake of milk and soluble alkali, including hypercalcemia, renal insufficiency, milk alkalosis, conjunctivitis, and calcinosis. Also known as Burnett's syndrome; milk-drinker's syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
The patient was suspected to have milk alkali syndrome (MAS) and treated accordingly.
2,3) Similar vascular calcifications may be observed in milk alkali syndrome, rickets, collagen diseases, and hypervitaminosis D.
Causes of hypercalcemia Primary hyperparathyroidism Malignancy * Hematologic cancers (non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, multiple myeloma, leukemia) * Squamous cell carcinomas (lung, esophagus, cervix, vulva, skin) * Adenocarcinomas (breast, kidneys, ovaries, bladder) * Parathyroid carcinoma Chronic renal failure Endocrine disorders (hyperthyroidism, pheochromocytoma, Addison's disease) Familial hypocalciuric hypercalcemia Immobilization Laboratory artifact resulting from altered albumin concentration or pH Medications (vitamin A toxicity [dietary fads, isotretinoin overdose], estrogens, antiestrogens, thiazides, lithium) Milk alkali syndrome Vitamin D toxicity (granulomatous disease [sarcoidosis, tuberculosis], vitamin D supplementation) Based on Hutton E, (1) and Carroll MF et al.