milk-alkali syndrome


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Related to milk-alkali syndrome: metabolic alkalosis, hyperparathyroidism, hypercalcemia

milk-alkali syndrome

[′milk ′al·kə‚lī ‚sin‚drōm]
(medicine)
A complex of symptoms associated with prolonged excessive intake of milk and soluble alkali, including hypercalcemia, renal insufficiency, milk alkalosis, conjunctivitis, and calcinosis. Also known as Burnett's syndrome; milk-drinker's syndrome.
References in periodicals archive ?
The introduction of histamine-2 receptor blockers (in 1976) and proton pump inhibitors (in 1989) to block acid secretion, as well as treatments directed at eradicating Helicobacter pylori, virtually eliminated the classic acute and chronic forms of the milk-alkali syndrome.
Stanley Goldfarb, MD and Ami Patel, MD (University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine) recommend changing the name of the milk-alkali syndrome to the calcium-alkali syndrome because the condition is now associated with a large intake of calcium, not milk.
Metastatic calcification may occur in patients with chronic renal failure, primary hyperparathyroidism, extensive bone malignancy, hypervitaminosis D, diffuse myelomatosis, and milk-alkali syndrome.