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Based on the properties of ascorbic acid to reduce oxidative stress, decrease production of pro-inflammatory cytokines, and suppress the activation of pro-inflammatory nuclear factors, we analyzed the effect of intravenous millimolar concentration of ascorbic acid in RA treatment.
Exposing the osteoclasts to millimolar levels of (Ca.
Erythrocytes have millimolar cytosolic ATP concentrations, so that even a small amount of hemolysis can significantly increase plasma ATP concentration.
Earlier laboratory and greenhouse experimentation into the mechanisms of action of hydroquinone (HQ) has demonstrated that plants exposed to millimolar concentrations exhibit changes in plant-water balance, photosynthesis, and ultimately plant growth (Barkosky et al.
Intracellular reducing conditions are largely maintained by millimolar concentrations of reduced glutathione and its accessory enzymes that together constitute the glutathione system (Anderson 1998).
By way of background, Levine and colleagues found that when IV AA is given, it bypasses tight-control and pharmacologic plasma levels are attained in millimolar ranges.
Glutathione is the most abundant intracellular thiol-based antioxidant present in millimolar concentrations.
Ten millimolar ammonium acetate in methanol was used as an ionization reagent at a flow rate of 0.
The conversion product, ARI 2498 is a millimolar inhibitor of the DPP family, in particular, DPP 8 and 9.
The concentrations of proteins in plasma vary from millimolar for albumin to around femtomolar for low-abundance components (1-3).
For treatment (day 1) with HQ, nutrient solutions were amended with HQ in various amounts representing millimolar (mM) concentrations ranging from 0.
This procedure achieves BACs of 50-80 millimolar (mM) (230-370 mg/dL) and thus exceeds the BACs of 20-40 mM (90-180 mg/dL) obtained with the Lieber-DeCarli model.