The crescent crowning the finial--not "spire" as is repeatedly used in this text (149, 150, 153) of domes and minarets and minbars
and mihrabs, was and is a reminder not of the Ottomans but of the Almighty.
Particularly striking were three wooden door panels or minbars
, two of which were made for the mosque of the Mamluk Amir Qawsun, built around 1330.
Entirely funded by petro-dollars, additional Muslim contributions were assigned to the interiors; minbars
were sent from Egypt, tiles from Turkey, and carpets from Iran (Tibawis 1983, 1-4).
Beginning with President Anwar al-Sadat's agreement in 1974 to allow three minbars
(pulpits), later transformed into political parties, to compete with one another, the Egyptian regime has been able to present itself as at least moving significantly away from the authoritarianism (what Dahl calls "inclusive hegemony") of the 1960s in the direction of polyarchy.
Last month a study titled "To Whom do Minbars
There is beautiful jewelry, ivory and bone figurines, boxes, whole doors, mihrabs , and minbars
from different mosques.