So why was priority given to a minor loop
road, between the Trunk Road and Church Lane known as C112, when Flatts Lane is used constantly night and day?
In order to transmit the signal with enough power and in order to receive the expected information, the multi-turn minor loop
devices were proposed by our previous work .
According to parameters characteristics of J-A model and the difference between simulation and experiment, the minor loop J-A model can be got through modifying the parameters a, [alpha], c, and k .
m] is the maximum magnetostriction coefficient of minor loop.
We can get dynamic minor loop J-A model of GMM according to formulas (1)-(7).
These partial transformations are referred to as minor loop hysteresis cycles (figure 2) and complete or full transformations are referred to as major loop hysteresis cycles (Figure 3).
The excitation level defines the type of the loop; a higher level determines a major loop, being the favourable situation, while a low level determines a minor loop, where the behaviour of the SMA element is close to them of a linear spring.
Note, however, that the definition only applies to minor loops