misdemeanor

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misdemeanor,

in law, a minor crime, in contrast to a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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. At common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 a misdemeanor was a crime other than treason or a felony. Although it might be a grave offense, it did not affect the feudal bond or take away the offender's property. By the 19th cent. serious crimes were labeled felonies, and minor crimes misdemeanors. In the United States a misdemeanor usually is an offense that may be punished summarily by fine and by imprisonment for less than a year. Commission of a misdemeanor does not cancel citizenship or subject an alienalien,
in law, any person residing in one political community while owing allegiance to another. A procedure known as naturalization permits aliens to become citizens.

Each nation establishes conditions upon which aliens will be admitted, and makes laws concerning them.
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 to deportation. In some states of the United States certain minor law violations are not even classified as misdemeanors, e.g., traffic offenses and breach of municipal regulations.

misdemeanour

(US), misdemeanor
Criminal law (formerly) an offence generally less heinous than a felony and which until 1967 involved a different form of trial
References in periodicals archive ?
violence misdemeanants ten years after the offender completes his
When Senator Lautenberg first sought to disarm convicted domestic violence misdemeanants nearly twenty years ago, his purpose was clear: to decrease the grave risk that batterers with guns will kill their victims.
Finally, this section considers possible rationales for the Amendment's apparent disparate treatment between domestic violence misdemeanants and felons.
Ultimately, the courts found that the law's classification of domestic violence misdemeanants as persons to be restricted from possessing firearms had a rational basis; (79) the statute did not compel, in violation of the Tenth Amendment, state and local law enforcement agencies to fire domestic violence misdemeanants; (80) the statute's disparate impact on law enforcement officers could not be traced to a discriminatory purpose; (81) and a government employer could dismiss a domestic violence misdemeanant whose job required him to carry a gun, even if he had not yet been investigated, arrested, or convicted for possessing a firearms in violation of [section] 922(g)(9).
The goal was to provide an alternative to jail for misdemeanant defendants arrested on bench warrants because of a failure to appear in court, which would ultimately yield a reduction in the serious overcrowding problems faced by the jail.
Senate Bill 482 creates a distinction between misdemeanant NGRI acquittees and felony NGRI acquittees.
A fleeing nondangerous misdemeanant would seldom present any additional emergencies.
In addition to the public forums, in January 2009 the NEC group will conduct six Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) scoping meetings - one for each potential site - focused specifically on gathering comments on the scope of an EIS that will address environmental impacts of potential development of a regional misdemeanant jail at each site.
3d at 989-91 (upholding prohibition on common-law misdemeanant possessing firearms); United States v.
2010) (refusing to reconsider intermediate scrutiny as a proper test for prohibitions on misdemeanant domestic batterers in possession of firearms).
These reforms culminated in: the creation of a new general treatment program called CoNEXTions; the formation of the Release Review Panel to ensure youths are not held in TYC for a period longer than deemed beneficial to the rehabilitation process; the reduction of the maximum age of confinement from 21 to 19; the elimination of misdemeanant commitments to TYC; the reduction of residential populations; and the adoption of a parents' bill of rights.
It is imperative that even misdemeanant criminals, especially those who have committed quality-of-life crimes, serve their full sentences,'' the two wrote to Baca.