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in law, a minor crime, in contrast to a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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. At common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 a misdemeanor was a crime other than treason or a felony. Although it might be a grave offense, it did not affect the feudal bond or take away the offender's property. By the 19th cent. serious crimes were labeled felonies, and minor crimes misdemeanors. In the United States a misdemeanor usually is an offense that may be punished summarily by fine and by imprisonment for less than a year. Commission of a misdemeanor does not cancel citizenship or subject an alienalien,
in law, any person residing in one political community while owing allegiance to another. A procedure known as naturalization permits aliens to become citizens.

Each nation establishes conditions upon which aliens will be admitted, and makes laws concerning them.
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 to deportation. In some states of the United States certain minor law violations are not even classified as misdemeanors, e.g., traffic offenses and breach of municipal regulations.


(US), misdemeanor
Criminal law (formerly) an offence generally less heinous than a felony and which until 1967 involved a different form of trial
References in periodicals archive ?
require substantial elaboration: misdemeanor justice in New York City
He adds that more stringent rules apply in cases where existing students at the school are convicted of committing a misdemeanor or worse offenses.
Utah requires registration as a sex offender by persons convicted of misdemeanor crimes of lewdness involving a child and enticing a minor over the Internet.
They cited 76 people for misdemeanor fireworks possession and related offenses.
During Dorrell's three seasons in Westwood, a player's arrest and guilty plea to a misdemeanor count led to a one-game suspension.
Medlock was charged with two felonies but plead to a lesser misdemeanor charge and was sentenced to three years of probation, his attorney Milton Grimes said.
A misdemeanor detainee in a local correctional facility sued a county and various individuals, challenging the policy of requiring strip searches of all detainees regardless of the nature of the crime for which they were detained.
Aggravating the early-release program is the fact that most county facilities are designed to hold inmates awaiting trial on misdemeanor charges, he said.
The appeals court also held that there was no requirement under the Eighth Amendment that the jailers provide immediate medical attention to a disoriented, confused, belligerent detainee who had been arrested on an alcohol related misdemeanor charge.
An appeals court has ruled that the judge should have imposed a sentence for four misdemeanor counts on which Emma Harter was convicted.
Instead of the six months he could have spent in the slammer, O'Donnell made a deal: In exchange for a no-contest plea to five misdemeanor counts of using a false name while making $25,000 in political contributions to Hahn's election campaign, the other 21 charges would be dropped.
BURBANK - The Burbank City Attorney's Office on Thursday dropped a misdemeanor drug possession charge against a Santa Cruz medical marijuana patient who was cited in July at the Bob Hope Airport, the ACLU said Thursday.