mitochondrion

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Related to mitochondrial: Mitochondrial Eve, mitochondrial inheritance, Mitochondrial myopathy, Mitochondrial disease

mitochondrion

a small spherical or rodlike body, bounded by a double membrane, in the cytoplasm of most cells: contains enzymes responsible for energy production
References in periodicals archive ?
Nicolson, PhD, discusses several nutrients to treat mitochondrial dysfunction in a 2014 review.
With mitochondrial function the cornerstone of energy metabolism, intracellular signaling, and regulation of cell death and survival, compromised mitochondrial function strains the cellular metabolic network resulting in disease.
An MRT technique that entails removing the mitochondrial DNA from the intended mother's egg is being evaluated at two centers in the United States--the University of Oregon, Eugene, where it has been performed in macaque monkeys, and the New York Stem Cell Foundation.
9 per cent of the DNA) and the healthy mitochondrial DNA of the donor woman (containing the remaining 0.
based United Mitochondrial Disease Foundation, the Australian Mitochondrial Disease Foundation, as well as other groups from France, Germany, Britain and Spain, described mitochondrial disease as "unimaginably cruel".
Research has shown that mitochondrial donation could potentially help almost 2,500 women of reproductive age in the UK.
I'm delighted for patients with mitochondrial disease.
A more comprehensive understanding of cellular stressors on acute responses and disease pathologies based on the role of energetics and other mitochondrial functions interacting with key pathways will be critical to elucidating their contribution to health outcomes.
In an effort to unify the community and build as quickly as possible the most robust registry, the UMDF has invited other mitochondrial disease related organizations to ask their members to participate.
While fusion is one major method for mitochondrial quality control in many types of cells, researchers have puzzled over the repair mechanism in skeletal muscle-a type of tissue that relies constantly on mitochondria for power, making repair a frequent necessity.
Many genetic disorders are due to mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations, and virtually all mitochondria are inherited maternally.
Y Chromosome Adam and Mitochondrial Eve aren't the first human man and woman either, but they are real people whose Y chromosome and mitochondrial DNA have been passed down with modifications to every living male and female.

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