mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid

mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid

[‚mīd·ə¦kän·drē·əl dē¦äk·sē‚rī·bō·nü′klē·ik ′as·əd]
(biochemistry)
The circular deoxyribonucleic acid duplex, generally 5 to 10 copies, contained within a mitochondrion and maternally inherited since only the egg cell contributes significant numbers of mitochondria to the zygote. Abbreviated mtDNA. Also known as mitochondrial genome.
References in periodicals archive ?
Del Barrio's team used the D-loop mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) approach in measuring the genetic link between samples taken from carabaos in the Philippines and in China.
Mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid 4977-bp deletion is associated with diminished fertility and motility of human sperm.
New sensitive method for the detection of the A3243G mutation of human mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid in diabetes mellitus patients by ligation-mediated polymerase chain reaction.

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