mitral stenosis


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Related to mitral stenosis: mitral regurgitation

mitral stenosis

[′mī·trəl stə′nō·səs]
(medicine)
Obstruction of the mitral valve, usually due to narrowing of the orifice.
References in periodicals archive ?
Increase of systolic and diastolic myocardial annular velocities was observed in patients after percutaneous balloon mitral valvuloplasty as evidence of reversibility of left ventricular performance in mitral stenosis after the relief of obstruction (13).
mp4) is a parasternal long-axis view showing the dilated left atrium and the restricted mobility of the anterior and posterior mitral leaflet with severe mitral stenosis.
Conservative medical treatment of symptomatic mitral stenosis includes bed rest, sodium restriction, and medications.
The first group, who lead a sedentary life style and do not complain of symptoms, but have significant mitral stenosis.
Although the arterial embolization in mitral stenosis is frequent, coronary emboli is rare due to the origination of the coronary ostia just behind the cusps of aortic valve, angulations of the coronary arteries and high velocity of the flow in the proximal aorta.
Roberts and colleagues (22) reported weights in 1849 operatively excised stenotic valves in patients aged 21 to 91 years without concomitant mitral valve replacement or mitral stenosis.
Percutaneous mitral balloon valvuloplasty (PMBV) has been developed as an alternative modality to surgical closed commissurotomy for mitral stenosis (MS)(1), and excellent hemodynamic improvement with favorable outcome has been reported by many investigators (2-11).
Conditions associated with atrial fibrillation Cardiac causes Noncardiac causes Myocardial infarction Hyperthyroidism Inflammation Sleep apnea syndrome Pericarditis and myocarditis Cardiac-thoracic surgery Arrhythmias Alcohol consumption Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome Electrocution Atrioventricular (AV) reentrant Pulmonary embolism and AV nodal reentrant tachycardias Restrictive lung disease Sick sinus syndrome Heredity Dilated left atrium "Lone AF"-no underlying Valvular disease cause Mitral stenosis Mitral valve prolapse Hypertension, especially with left ventricular hypertrophy Cardiomyopathy Hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy Dilated cardiomyopathy Restrictive cardiomyopathy Others Cardiac tumors Atrial septal defect Cor pulmonale Idiopathic dilation of the right atrium
Thereafter, during the past two decades, PMV has turned out to be the standard of care in most patients with symptomatic mitral stenosis (3).
WCR: In a nutshell, when would you recommend operative intervention in patients with mitral stenosis unassociated with aortic valve disease?
Distribution of mitral valve pathologies Variables n Annular dilatation 55 Leaflet prolapse 43 Anterior leaflet 11 Posterior leaflet 27 Both leaflet 5 Chordal rupture 17 Anterior 13 Posterior 4 Mitral stenosis and regurgitation 17 Data are presented as number of patients Table 4.