mastectomy

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Related to modified radical: simple mastectomy, modified radical hysterectomy

mastectomy

(măstĕk`təmē), surgical removal of breast tissue, usually done as treatment for breast cancercancer,
in medicine, common term for neoplasms, or tumors, that are malignant. Like benign tumors, malignant tumors do not respond to body mechanisms that limit cell growth.
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. There are many types of mastectomy. In general, the farther the cancer has spread, the more tissue is taken. The radical mastectomies of the past (which removed not only the breast, but underlying chest muscle and lymph nodes) have largely been replaced by less drastic, but equally effective procedures. For small tumors, lumpectomy, removing just the tumor and a margin of tissue, may be performed. A partial, or segmental, mastectomy removes the cancer, some breast tissue, the lining over the chest, and usually some lymph nodes from under the arm; total or simple mastectomy removes the whole breast; modified radical mastectomy takes the breast, lining over the chest muscles, and lymph nodes.

Breast reconstruction can be done using the patient's own tissue or breast implantsbreast implant,
saline- or silicone-filled prosthesis used after mastectomy as a part of the breast reconstruction process or used cosmetically to augment small breasts.
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. Mammograms and self-conducted breast exams have done much to reduce the need for radical procedures because they have increased early detection of the cancer, allowing it to be treated before it has spread.

mastectomy

[ma′stek·tə·mē]
(medicine)
Surgical removal of the breast. Also known as mammectomy.

mastectomy

the surgical removal of a breast
References in periodicals archive ?
The median age of patients in our study group was 50 years who underwent modified radical mastectomy.
Modified radical mastectomy forms the mainstay of the management of carcinoma breast.
Khafif RA, Gelbfish GA, Asase DK, et al: Modified radical neck dissection in cancer of the mouth, pharynx and larynx.
Under local or general anaesthesia a modified radical mastoidectomy, (1) was performed and cholesteatoma from the middle ear and mastoid was excised.
Table 4: Type of surgical Treatment for the different types of malignancies Types of surgery Papillary Follicular Total thyroidectomy 17 6 Neartotal thyroidectomy 1 -- Hemithyroidectomy -- -- Completion thyroidectomy 1 -- Modified radical neck dissection 13 1 Types of surgery Anaplastic Medullary Total thyroidectomy -- -- Neartotal thyroidectomy -- -- Hemithyroidectomy 1 -- Completion thyroidectomy -- 2 Modified radical neck dissection -- 1
However, information is limited on electrophysiologic monitoring of the spinal accessory nerve (SAN) during modified radical neck dissection.
Seven patients underwent modified radical mastoidectomy or radical mastoidectomy to clear the source of infection in ear.
Modified radical mastoidectomy was performed in 16 patients, tympanomastoidectomy in 6, and myringotomy in 2.
It has been demonstrated that radical mastectomy increases seroma formation compared with that of simple mastectomy, [14, 15] but the association is inconclusive when radical mastectomy is compared with modified radical mastectomy (MRM).
He subsequently underwent a salvage resection, which included a wide local excision of the cervical skin, a total parotidectomy, a total auriculectomy, and an ipsilateral modified radical neck dissection.
1) Modified radical mastectomy (MRM), is the standard surgical procedure of choice in these patients.
We evaluated a 59-year-old man who in August 1987 had undergone a total laryngectomy and right modified radical neck dissection for a T2N1M0 squamous cell carcinoma of the right false vocal fold.

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