Mole Crickets

(redirected from mole cricket)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Mole Crickets

 

insects of the family Gryllotalpidae of the order Orthoptera. They live in the soil, digging passages through it. The front legs are highly developed and adapted for digging. Mole crickets are found on all continents; there are about 45 species. In the USSR, three species are found, with the mole cricket Gryllotalpa gryllotalpa being broadly distributed. It measures 3.5-5 cm and has well-developed wings that protrude (when they are folded) like flagella from under the shortened elytra. Mole crickets live primarily in river floodlands and on the shores of other bodies of water. During the day they stay underground, coming to the surface in the evening. They feed on underground parts of plants, as well as on earthworms and insects. When they settle in gardens, orchards, or irrigated land, they cause great harm by damaging underground plant parts, such as tubers and the root systems of potatoes, cucumbers, beets, corn, cotton, rice, and other crops. The females lay up to 60 eggs in a round chamber of the burrow. In southern regions development takes about one year; in the north it takes 2-2 1/2 years.

REFERENCE

Zhizn’ zhivotnykh, vol. 3. Moscow, 1969.

F. N. PRAVDIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Castner (1986) observed removal of eggs under the unusual circumstance that he provided only 1 potential mole cricket host per ovipositing wasp.
This must also be balanced with the expense of rearing the mole cricket hosts, which are very labor intensive to maintain.
Actively moving through the soil, the worm-like nematodes seek out their prey entering the adult mole cricket through its body openings, and releasing a bacteria which kills the insect.
Thus, our goal was to describe the external morphology, abundance, and distribution of antennal, labial and maxillary palpal sensilla of 4 mole cricket species (S.
Zhang Yan thesis developed a bionic fighting gear research study mole cricket, typical excavator working device based on the simulation design and its corresponding virtual working device.
The first adult specimens were collected by net while they were flying over fresh mole cricket damage at the same site in Jun 2010.
Since changes in tunneling behavior could dramatically affect insect control and turf damage, additional research on mole cricket behavior was conducted using the synthetic insecticides bifenthrin, chlorantraniliprole, and fipronil in 2008 and 2009.
While a new system using nematodes for mole cricket control may get some of the credit, both awards recognize Tomball High School's outstanding efforts in maximizing athletic performance and safety on their playing fields.
The primary product feature of FMC's new TalstarOne multi-insecticide is its ability to provide fast knockdown and long-lasting control of even the toughest turf, ornamental and common household insect pests including chinch bugs, mole crickets, leaf-feeding caterpillars, mites, mosquitoes and fire ants," said Don Claus, General Manager of FMC's Specialty Products Business.