monarchianism


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monarchianism

(mōnär`kēənĭzəm) [Gr.,=belief in the rule of one], the concept of God that maintains his sole authority even over Christ and the Holy Spirit. Its characteristic tenet, that God the Father and Jesus are one person, was developed in two forms in early Christianity. Dynamistic monarchians, such as the TheodotiansTheodotians,
small heretical sect, formed c.190 by Theodotus, a Byzantine. It lasted until the end of the 4th cent. The Theodotians taught that Jesus was a man, who became the Christ only after his baptism (a concept basic both to monarchianism and to adoptionism).
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 and Paul of SamosataPaul of Samosata
, fl. 260–72, Syrian Christian theologian, heretical patriarch of Antioch. He was a friend and high official of Zenobia of Palmyra. Paul enounced a dynamic monarchianism, denying the three Persons of the Trinity.
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, held that Jesus was born a man and received the Christ as a power from God at a later time (see adoptionismadoptionism,
Christian heresy taught in Spain after 782 by Elipandus, archbishop of Toledo, and Felix, bishop of Urgel (Seo de Urgel). They held that Jesus at the time of his birth was purely human and only became the divine Son of God by adoption when he was baptized.
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). Modalistic monarchians taught that God is unknowable, except for his manifestations, or modes; Christ is one of these. Because of the consequent implication that God the Father must have died on the cross, they were called Patripassians [Lat.,= the Father suffering]. SabelliusSabellius,
fl. 215, Christian priest and theologian, b. probably Libya or Egypt. He went to Rome, became the leader of those who accepted the doctrine of modalistic monarchianism, and was excommunicated by Pope St. Calixtus I in 220.
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 fully developed modalism.
References in periodicals archive ?
In Christian heresiology, "disbelief in Two Powers in Heaven (so-called Sabellianism, Modalism, or Monarchianism, that is, One Power in Heaven) is named--accurately--'Judaism,' producing a binary opposition between the inside and outside of Christianity and disavowing a threatening difference within.
Tertullian credits Praxeas with introducing monarchianism to Rome from Asia (Prax.
3), and introduces there two Johannine texts usually associated with modalistic monarchianism (10: 30; 14: 8-10).
Homoousios was used in the third century as a technical term of the identification-theology (that is, Christ and the Father are one and the same God) only by a small group of bishops of the Libyan Pentapolis, or members of the Church of Alexandria, who manifested a distinct inclination towards a kind of Sabellian monarchianism.
On the contrary, the very use of homoousios should be considered the starting point for a reappraisal of Paul's monarchianism and, consequently, for a general reinterpretation of his theology in the frame of the controversies of the third century.
He devised a mediating, embryonically trinitarian theology, transcending the ditheism of El without offending the monarchianism of the Callistus school.
7) Simonetti suggested that in some instances Word and Wisdom appear to be only operative faculties of the one God, and concluded that this pattern of reflection would lead to monarchianism.
That Council determined that to counter Paul's extreme monarchianism, one had to attribute a [upsilon][pi][omicron][sigma][tau][alpha][sigma][iota][sigma] distinct from that of the Father to the Word.