monoamine


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Related to monoamine: monoamine hypothesis, monoamine oxidase inhibitor diet

monoamine

[¦män·ō′am‚ēn]
(organic chemistry)
An amine compound that has only one amino group.
References in periodicals archive ?
Abbreviations: AFA, Aphanizomenon flos-aquae; MAAs, mycosporine like aminoacids; MAO-A, monoamine oxidase A; MAO-B, monoamine oxidase B; PC, phycocyanin; PEA, phenylethylamine.
Monoamine neurotransmitters are a family of complex chemicals that include 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT, or serotonin), noradrenaline, dopamine, histamine and melatonin.
Major Finding: Scans revealed 43% more monoamine oxidase across all brain regions in women during postpartum days 4-6, compared with those in controls.
Measurement of monoamine metabolites in CSF can therefore be used to establish a "snapshot" of serotonin and catecholamine metabolism at one particular time that may provide an indication of disease mechanisms that affect the neurotransmitter pathways.
For many years, the prevailing hypothesis of depression has been that a deficit in monoamine neurotransmitters, notably norepinephrine and serotonin, underlies depression.
Criminal violence, for example, might be excused as a consequence of low levels of serotonin or monoamine oxidase in the brain.
The paint contains an ingredient with marine biocide properties, wherein the binder comprises a blend of the rosin material and an auxiliary film-forming resin in a ratio of 20:80 to 95:5 by weight, the auxiliary film-forming resin comprising 20-100% by weight of an acid-functional film-forming polymer whose acid groups are blocked by groups capable of hydrolyzing or dissociating to leave a polymer soluble in sea water, the blocking groups being selected from divalent metal atoms bonded to a monovalent organic residue, divalent metal atoms bonded to a hydroxyl residue and monoamine groups which form an organic solvent soluble amine salt of the polymer, and 80% to zero percent by weight of a non-hydrolyzing water-insoluble film-forming polymer.
Exposure to styrene in rats produced a significant increase in brain 5-HT and caused a significant decrease in monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity (Husain, Srivastava, Mushtaq, & Seth, 1980).
Furthermore, review articles tell of rats trained to run spontaneously that showed an increase both in beta-endorphin and in monoamine concentration in their cerebrospinal fluid (1, 9).
Scientists have focused on the enzyme monoamine oxidase and its effects on the brain.
Medications include antidepressants such as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), as well as drugs known as high-potency benzodiazepenes.