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in agricultural practice, the concentration of one crop in a given area. This is generally associated with the growth of commercial agriculture and of CASH CROPPING, and can be contrasted with mixed farming more characteristic of agriculturalists growing for their own consumption. Whilst monoculture may have benefits for some crops, there may also be disadvantages: certain forms of mixed cropping may control pests and preserve the fertility of the soil, whereas monoculture is generally associated with increased use of pesticides and artificial fertilizers. For this reason monoculture is generally associated with large-scale organizations, such as PLANTATIONS, which can mobilize the resources for the necessary inputs and manage the marketing of the crop. Even then, problems for THIRD WORLD countries resulting from monoculture arise from dependence on a few crops for export earnings which are vulnerable to changes in world prices and demand, over which Third World countries may have little control. See also AGRIBUSINESS.



(1) The only agricultural crop raised in farming.

(2) Long-term, uninterrupted (repeated) cultivation of one species of plants on one sector (field or garden) without crop rotation (alternation of crops). Monoculture depletes the physical properties of the soil and decreases its humus content. In most cases the soil is depleted of a specific nutrient. For example, long-term cultivation of cereal crops on the same land deprives the soil primarily of phosphorus. Sugar beets and potatoes take away potassium, and legumes remove both phosphorus and calcium. In addition, soil erosion and other problems are associated with monoculture. All of these effects reduce yields sharply, usually by 1.5 to 2 times. The use of fertilizers only slows down the process of depletion. Monoculture creates conditions conducive to the spread of weeds, harmful insects, and pathogens associated with a particular crop.

In capitalist countries such as prerevolutionary Russia, the USA, and Canada monoculture was typical of certain farming regions during the initial period of the development of new lands, when a single crop, such as wheat, was planted in the same place for several years in succession. Subsequently, the fields were abandoned for many years. As agriculture became intensive, monoculture declined, and crop rotation was introduced.


Zemledelie, 2nd ed. Edited by S. A. Vorob’ev. Moscow, 1972.


References in periodicals archive ?
Monoculturalism and diversity as represented in publications.
Perhaps it is the universalising, idealised monoculturalism of a certain - admittedly often intoxicating - view of Englishness that needs to be rejected rather than Englishness itself.
London, Mar 15 (ANI): Prince Charles has warned that the British countryside risks being ruined by monoculturalism, and that if society continues to spurn village pubs and traditional crafts, it will end up "pulling threads" from the "delicate tapestry" of rural life.
We added the Hispanicism and Americanism subscales together, resulting in a biculturalism score that ranged from cultural marginality (lowest scores) to monoculturalism to biculturalism (highest scores).
Although Sen's diverse diversity thesis prevents multiculturalism from being formally equated with plural monoculturalism, it does not by itself provide a reason why societies should accept an inclusive form of multiculturalism.
For Rendon, these are: "the agreement to privilege intellectual/rational knowing," "the agreement of separation," "the agreement of competition," "the agreement of perfection," "the agreement of monoculturalism," "the agreement to privilege outer work," and "the agreement to avoid self examination" (p.
A major challenge for African American students is the ethnocentric monoculturalism in many schooling environments (Gordon, 1995; Nieto, 2004).
Generally, these models have followed a stage-based approach that proceeds from monoculturalism to transformationism.
Avoiding the arrogance of monoculturalism and the dead-end of relativism.
As for opponents within the educational system, whether motivated by ethnocentric monoculturalism or anti-Jewish animus, they were more than balanced out by enthusiastic supporters of Hebrew at all levels of the school system and cooperation from superintendents O'Shea and Campbell.
The emergence of multiculturalism and interculturalism is to be explained as a respond to multiculturality of contemporary societies, on the one hand, and as a reaction to centuries long dominance of a worldview that can be denoted as monoculturalism.
That is, they take for granted the existence of generally valid norms that should be followed (or not), constituting what we might describe as a dominant monoculturalism (Guillaumin, 1972).