Moor


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moor

a tract of unenclosed ground, usually having peaty soil covered with heather, coarse grass, bracken, and moss

Moor

a member of a Muslim people of North Africa, of mixed Arab and Berber descent. In the 8th century they were converted to Islam and established power in North Africa and Spain, where they established a civilization (756--1492)
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www.spanish-fiestas.com/andalucia/history-moorish-spain.htm

Moor

 

(pseudonym of Dmitrii Stakhievich Orlov). Born Oct. 22 (Nov. 3), 1883, in Novocherkassk; died Oct. 24, 1946, in Moscow. Soviet graphic artist and one of the founders of the Soviet political poster. Honored Art Worker of the RSFSR (1932).

Moor was basically self-taught. By 1917 he had become an accomplished master of caricature. From 1908 to 1917 he contributed to the satirical magazine Budil’nik (Alarm Clock), in which, through his drawings, he served the cause of the proletarian revolution.

During the Civil War of 1918–20, Moor produced eye-catching posters imbued with revolutionary fervor; such posters included “Soviet Turnip “(1919), “Have You Volunteered? “(1920), and “Wrangel Is Still Alive, Finish Him Off Without Mercy “(1920). After the war, Moor created posters, including “Help! “(1921–22), “Worker, Be Vigilant!” (1937), and “What Did You Do to Help the Front?“ (1941), and satirical cartoons for the newspaper Pravda (from 1920), and the magazines Krokodil (Crocodile; from 1922), Bezbozhnik u stanka (The Atheist at the Press; 1923–28), and U stanka (At the Press; 1924–25). Moor also made india-ink illustrations for H. Barbusse’s novel Under Fire (1938; now in the Tret’iakov Gallery) and for Mayakovsky’s poem All Right! (1940; now in the V. V. Mayakovsky Museum, Moscow).

Moor’s drawings are expressive and at times contain elements of the grotesque; the contours of his drawings sharply outline the flat color areas. In 1928 he became a member of the Oktiabr’ (October) Association. Moor taught at the State Higher Arts and Technical Studios and the State Higher Institute of Art and Technology (1922–30), the Moscow Institute of Printing (1930–32), and the Moscow Art Institute (1939–43). V. N. Goriaev, A. M. Kanevskii, F. P. Reshetnikov, and B. I. Prorokov were among his pupils.

WORKS

labol’shevik! Moscow, 1967.

REFERENCE

Khalaminskii, Iu. Moor. Moscow, 1961.

A. D. KORZUKHIN

moor

[mu̇r]
(ecology)
bog
(engineering)
Securing a ship or aircraft by attaching it to a fixed object or a mooring buoy with chains or lines, or with anchors or other devices.
References in classic literature ?
It cannot be the Moor," answered Don Quixote, "for those under enchantment do not let themselves be seen by anyone.
Mine could speak too," said Don Quixote, "but that is not a sufficient reason for believing that what we see is the enchanted Moor.
there came a galloping across the moor, and the black
followed over the moor, though each, had he been alone,
The maid carried a lantern with her, as it was very dark and the path ran across the open moor.
I had almost made up my mind to sleep on the moor, when I saw the light of your lantern.
There are stalwart Bedouins of the desert here, and stately Moors proud of a history that goes back to the night of time; and Jews whose fathers fled hither centuries upon centuries ago; and swarthy Riffians from the mountains--born cut-throats--and original, genuine Negroes as black as Moses; and howling dervishes and a hundred breeds of Arabs--all sorts and descriptions of people that are foreign and curious to look upon.
The Phoenicians, the Carthagenians, the English, Moors, Romans, all have battled for Tangier--all have won it and lost it.
The moor is intersected with paths, and the moon was at the full.
Before he abandons us on the moor, the man (at my suggestion) takes our " bearings," as correctly as he can by the help of my pocket-compass.
I knew where my patron's case of bottles stood, which it was evident, by the make, were taken out of some English prize, and I conveyed them into the boat while the Moor was on shore, as if they had been there before for our master.
But, my dear professor," he was saying, "I still maintain that but for the victories of Ferdinand and Isabella over the fifteenth-century Moors in Spain the world would be today a thousand years in advance of where we now find ourselves.