Morphogenesis

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Related to morphogenetic: Morphogenetic field, morphogenic

morphogenesis

[‚mȯr·fə′jen·ə·səs]
(embryology)
The transformation involved in the growth and differentiation of cells and tissue. Also known as topogenesis.

Morphogenesis

 

the rise and development of organs, systems, and parts of organisms in their individual development (ontogeny), as well as in their historical, or evolutionary, development (phylogeny). The study of morphogenesis is one of the principal areas of plant, animal, and human morphology.

The established lawlike regularities of morphogenesis provided important evidence for the evolution of organisms. Contributors to the study of morphogenesis [followed by the years in which they made important discoveries] were Aristotle (fourth century B.C.), P. Belon (1555), W. Harvey (1651), C. F. Wolff (1759), J. W. von Goethe (1790, 1795), E. Geoffrey SaintHilaire (1831), K. E. von Baer (1828–37), W. Hofmeister (1851), E. Haeckel (1866), I. N. Gorozhankin (1875, 1880), and A. N. Severtsov (1931, 1939).

The study of morphogenetic features at various stages of ontogeny for the purpose of controlling the development of organisms is a basic concern of developmental biology, genetics, molecular biology, and evolutionary physiology. Morphogenetic research is also important in the study of heredity.

REFERENCES

Shmal’gauzen, 1.1. Reguliatsiia formoobrazovaniia v individual’nom razvitii. Moscow, 1964.
Sinnott, E. Morfogenez rastenii. Moscow, 1963. (Translated from English.)
Waddington, C. Morfogenez igenetika. Moscow, 1964. (Translated from English.)

B. S. MATVEEV

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They cover daughter cells of microalgae, stem cells and morphogenetic development programs in plants, morphogenesis of Drosophila melanogaster macrochaetes, the generation of daughter cells in their niche, the involvement of intra-renal and extra-renal stem cells in kidney regeneration, phenotypes and properties of exfoliated epithelial cells of mucosa, wider possibilities and capabilities for plants, the self-renewal of daughter cells through asymmetric division, properties and characteristics of daughter cells and stem cells, and the unique behavior of daughter cells in chlorarachniophytes.