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50 ft (15m) Delicious berries have powerful antioxidants, cancer prevention, life extension, cleans blood, strengthens kidneys, hearing, vision, diabetes, constipation, anemia, graying hair. The berries are great for improving vision. The bark is a laxative- leaves are an amalase inhibitor so they block the breakdown of carbohydrates into simple sugars, so it acts as a diet aid by preventing you from being able to absorb the carbohydrates. Root tea is used for tapeworms, urinary problems, bowel problems, diarrhea, dystentery. Sap used externally for ringworm. You can collect the leaves in the fall, dry them and use them as tea. Leaves used for heart conditions, cholesterol, liver problems (cleans liver), cancer, digestive issues. It is said there is almost nothing the leaves, bark, and gum resin boiled as tea cannot help alleviate from the body. The berries are great when dried. Mix with nuts and grind into pulp and make into "candy" balls. Male and female trees required for fruit.