In describing their children's birth mothers, the
adoptive mothers try to reconcile their gratitude for the opportunity to parent with an understanding of how they could relinquish a child.
For many of the mothers, the
most difficult aspect of coping with fathers' absence was the effect it had on their children.
Often, as treatment transforms their mothers, the
children have to get to know them all over again, Smith said.
The focus of the study was to present definitions of child support from both noncustodial fathers and custodial mothers, the
barriers they experience that prevent child support and visitation, and suggestions the parents have for improvements in the child support system.
Some of these groups were local, but Grant also investigates the role of three national organizations--the National Congress of Mothers, the
Child Study Association of America, and the American Association of University Women--in the delicate dance between valuing and resisting "scientific" child-rearing advice.
Despite the broad consensus among policy makers, charities and women's groups in favor of some form of subsidy for poor mothers, the
passage of the mothers' pensions bill led to sharp conflict over the program's cost, and who would control it.