motor cortex


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to motor cortex: sensory cortex, supplementary motor cortex

motor cortex

[′mōd·ər ′kȯr‚teks]
(anatomy)
References in periodicals archive ?
Dopamine is an important neurotransmitter in motor skill learning and motor cortex plasticity Variations in the five genes affecting the dopaminergic system (catechol O-methyltransferase [COMT]) that controls synaptic dopamine levels and those that encode the dopamine transfer protein and the D1, D2, and D3 dopamine receptors] have been reported to change motor learning (23).
Achieving and fine-tuning such control depends on knowing how the patient's brain re-maps various motor and somatosensory pathways in the motor cortex and the somatosensory cortex.
The study determined how each person's motor cortex worked and measured it's "excitability.
by modulating neural function: [5-8] TENS, spinal cord stimulation (SCS), motor cortex stimulation (MCS), and DBS
Its working principal is based upon its Electrodes within the stentrode, which pick up neural frequencies from the motor cortex and decode into voluntary commands for assistive devices like the exoskeleton.
Phil is now having chemotherapy and faces a wait of several months to discover whether the cancer that has spread to his left motor cortex also poses a threat.
Then, focal ischemia was induced by stereotaxic microinjection of 1 [micro]L (40 pmol) endothelin-1 (ET-1), a potent vasoconstrictor, into the left motor cortex (2.
The suggestion of generating the various movements from simple components also corresponds to the perspective of dynamic systems, suggesting that most neural activity in the motor cortex will be internal processes that drive desired movements [15].
The findings, published in JAMA Neurology, identified structural damage between the thalamus and primary motor cortex as the obstacle between covert awareness and intentional movement.
Methods: Fourteen patients with RLS were given high-frequency rTMS (15 Hz, 100% motor threshold) to the leg representation motor cortex area of the frontal lobe for 14 sessions over 18 days.
That technology works because scientists are able to roughly interpret the firing of neurons inside the brain's motor cortex and map it to arm or leg movements.
This hypothesis was supported by a few studies that reported that non-invasive direct transcranial current stimulation and high-frequency (HF) rTMS of the motor cortex have analgesic effects in fibromyalgia patients (11,12).