motor neuron


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Related to motor neuron: motor neuron disease, interneuron, sensory neuron, lower motor neuron

motor neuron

[′mōd·ər ′nu̇r‚än]
(neuroscience)
An efferent nerve cell. Also known as motoneuron.
References in periodicals archive ?
They showed that the transplanted stem cell-derived motor neurons grew along the injured nerves to connect successfully with the paralyzed muscles, which could then be controlled by pulses of blue light.
Ultimately required for diagnosis are signs and symptoms of both upper and lower motor neuron involvement attributable to no other causes.
Additional studies also showed that NADPH oxidase-derived oxidative products also damaged proteins including insulin-like growth factor 1 receptors located on motor neurons.
ALS is a progressive and fatal neurological disease characterized by a degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord, brain stem and cerebral cortex, leading to muscle wasting and weakness.
Two years later, he exhibited a complete left lower motor neuron facial nerve palsy.
Idiopathic MND is sometimes used to describe all primary degenerative lower motor neuron and all upper motor neuron disorders (Swash, 2000).
For instance, the rate of ejaculation in men with complete upper motor neuron injuries can be as low as 4 percent (Bors and Comarr, 1960).
They also release reactive oxygen species, which are harmful chemicals that gradually kill motor neurons.
I will develop unique compartmental platforms mimicking the natural environment of the motor neuron.
London, May 11 (ANI): A new study has found that people with longer ring fingers relative to the index finger are much more likely to have motor neuron disease.
The genetic defects identified in FALS have lead to the development of some useful animal models of the disease, but more models are needed to expand research on the abnormal biology of the affected motor neuron and nonneuronal cells, on nervous system response to endogenous and environmental toxins and toxicants, and on identification of metabolic, endocrine, and immunological abnormalities.
Vagal motor neuron cell bodies are located in the brainstem in the ambiguous nucleus and in the retrofacial nucleus.