mountain laurel


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mountain laurel,

evergreen shrub (Kalmia latifolia) of the family Ericaceae (heathheath,
in botany, common name for some members of the Ericaceae, a family of chiefly evergreen shrubs with berry or capsule fruits. Plants of the heath family form the characteristic vegetation of many regions with acid soils, particularly the moors, swamps, and mountain slopes
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 family), closely related to the rhododendron and native to E North America. The state flower of Connecticut and Pennsylvania, it has leathery leaves and large clusters of spring-blooming pink or white flowers borne at the ends of the branches. The flowers are unusual in having the anthers of the stamens held in little pockets of the corolla and released like springs when touched by an insect. Mountain laurel, called also calico bush and spoonwood, is poisonous to livestock but seldom palatable; formerly its leaves were used as a remedy for skin diseases, and spoons were made from the hard wood. Like other species of Kalmia (named for Peter Kalm) that share its poisonous quality and elastic stamens, it is an acid-soil plant. The sheep laurel or lambkill (K. angustifolia) has smaller, deeper pink flowers not borne at the branch tips. The true laurellaurel,
common name for the Lauraceae, a family of forest trees and shrubs found mainly in tropical SE Asia but also abundant in tropical America. Most have aromatic bark and foliage and are evergreen; deciduous species are usually those that extend into temperate zones.
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 belongs to a separate family. Although the leaves of Kalmia somewhat resemble in shape those of the true laurel, only the latter (sold as bayleaf) is suitable for seasoning. Mountain laurel is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Ericales, family Ericaceae.

mountain laurel

traditional symbol of ambition. [Flower Symbolism: Flora Symbolica, 175]

mountain laurel

of Connecticut and Pennsylvania. [Flower Symbolism: Golenpaul, 628]
References in periodicals archive ?
Sherman (1913) reported thousands of beetles on peach, rose, and mountain laurel at a site in Blowing Rock, North Carolina, from 8 to 25 Jun 1901.
This was natural in a girl that followed the game trails of deer through the thick forest floor tangle of mountain laurel and wild azalea.
They gathered more asters, vines, and mountain laurel, and laid a wreath on the grave of every soldier buried there.
There, the pathogen readily attacked a mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia `Madeline'), mountain andromeda (Pieris floribunda), dusty zenobia (Zenobia pulverulenta), and the common nursery rhododendron `Nova Zembla.
Myrtle, acacia burl, California laurel, California bay tree, green bay tree, California olive, California sassafras, Pacific myrtle, mountain laurel, pepperwood, spice-tree and bay tree.
This study was carried out on Dugger Mountain (NE Alabama, USA) at the southern terminus of the Appalachians to evaluate the spectral properties of Mountain Laurel (Kalmia latifolia) throughout the four seasons.
The plant in question is the Mountain Laurel or Kalmia and comes in many beautiful forms from white, through to red and with most attractive markings and stamens.
It's an easy walk from the Magic Shop and Mountain Laurel Mercantile in the Village to the Country Cookout Pavilion and the battling dodge-em cars of Dolly's Demolition Derby.
The woodlands are spectacular, dotted with mountain laurel and wild orchids, and the trail meanders along the banks of swift-running Trunk Branch Creek, which gives way to small waterfalls with mesmerizing sounds.
The ridgeline features two dips (also called gaps or saddles), one of which serves as the main destination for deer that bed in the mountain laurel thicket on the other side of the mountain.
The southern Appalachian cove forests, where the mountain laurel flourishes to the size of small trees, have among the most diverse flora in North America, including several species of orchids.
Besides the falls, plan to see spring flowers, dogwood trees, mountain laurel, and several types of hardwoods.

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