Mourner

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Mourner

 

(Russian, voplenitsa, placheia, plakal’shchitsa), a woman who performs lamentations. In traditional Russian folk art, weeping and lamentation were an essential element in the ritual of wedding or funeral rites and also in seeing off recruits. Among mourners living in the second half of the 19th century, I. A. Fedosova was outstanding because of her talent and the social content of her laments. Her laments were used by N. A. Nekrasov in the narrative poem Who Is Happy in Russia? M. Gorky wrote about her in the novel The Life of Klim Samgin and in the sketch “The Mourner.” With the disappearance of religious rites, the art of the mourner is also gradually disappearing. In the Soviet period, story-laments were created, dedicated to the memory of V. I. Lenin (for example, “Stony Moscow Wept” by M. S. Kriukova).

REFERENCES

Barsov, E. V. Prichitaniia Severnogo kraia, vols. 1-3. Moscow, 1872-86.
Russkie plachi (Prichitaniia). Edited by G. S. Vinogradov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937.
Prichitaniia. Text prepared by B. E. Chistova and K. V. Chistov. Leningrad, 1960.
Russkaia narodno-bytovaia lirika: Prichitaniia Severa. Written down by V. G. Bazanov and A. P. Razumova. Introductory article and commentary by V. G. Bazanov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1962.
References in classic literature ?
The same grave expression of grief, the same rigid silence, and the same deference to the principal mourner, were observed around the place of interment as have been already described.
Her youthful friends stood apart, shuddering at the mourners, the shrouded bridegroom, and herself; the whole scene expressed, by the strongest imagery, the vain struggle of the gilded vanities of this world, when opposed to age, infirmity, sorrow, and death.
The weary days pass on with solemn pace, like mourners at a funeral; and slowly he begins to feel that the white walls of the cell have something dreadful in them: that their colour is horrible: that their smooth surface chills his blood: that there is one hateful corner which torments him.
Thus directed, the bearers trotted on under their light burden; and the two mourners kept as near them, as they could.
These, over and above Sloppy, were the mourners at the lowly grave.
He was followed to the grave by a vast multitude of mourners, who "gave the hapless man the funeral of a king.
She had bread for the hungry, clothes for the naked, and comfort for every mourner that came within her reach.
His son obeyed, and the crowd approached; they were bawling and hissing round a dingy hearse and dingy mourning coach, in which mourning coach there was only one mourner, dressed in the dingy trappings that were considered essential to the dignity of the position.
The register of his burial was signed by the clergyman, the clerk, the undertaker, and the chief mourner.
Poor dear Joe, entangled in a little black cloak tied in a large bow under his chin, was seated apart at the upper end of the room; where, as chief mourner, he had evidently been stationed by Trabb.
Ah, Barbara, darling, I can see that you want me to be taken away to the Volkovo Cemetery in a broken-down old hearse, with some poor outcast of the streets to accompany my coffin as chief mourner, and the gravediggers to heap my body with clay, and depart and leave me there.
But in the morning all the ordinary currents of conjecture were disturbed by the presence of a strange mourner who had plashed among them as if from the moon.