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freshwater crustaceancrustacean
, primarily aquatic arthropod of the subphylum Crustacea. Most of the 44,000 crustacean species are marine, but there are many freshwater forms. The few groups that inhabit terrestrial areas have not been particularly successful in an evolutionary sense; most require
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 smaller than but structurally very similar to its marine relative the lobsterlobster,
marine crustacean with five pairs of jointed legs, the first bearing large pincerlike claws of unequal size adapted to crushing the shells of its prey. The segmented body of the lobster consists of a large cephalothorax (made up of 14 segments) and a moveable, muscular
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, and found in ponds and streams in most parts of the world except Africa. Crayfish grow some 3 to 4 in. (7.6–10.2 cm) in length and are usually brownish green; some cave-dwelling forms are colorless and eyeless. They are scavengers, feeding on decayed organic matter and also on small fish. The swamp crayfish digs a burrow up to 3 ft (91 cm) deep with a water-filled cavity at the bottom in case of drought. The eggs develop while attached to the swimming legs of the female and look like miniature adults when hatched. Although crayfish are not eaten in most parts of the United States, they are consumed in areas in the Mississippi River basin and are used in the Louisiana area in a thick soup called crayfish bisque. They are agricultural pests in the Mississippi Delta area, where they feed on sprouting wheat and corn. A red-clawed species is considered a delicacy in Europe. Crayfish are classified in the phylum ArthropodaArthropoda
[Gr.,=jointed feet], largest and most diverse animal phylum. The arthropods include crustaceans, insects, centipedes, millipedes, spiders, scorpions, and the extinct trilobites.
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, subphylum Crustacea, order Decapoda.



an invertebrate of the order Decapoda. The body length is usually 6–30 cm, but some species, such as the Madagascar crayfish, reach a length of 80 cm. Most crayfishes inhabit freshwaters. They are nocturnal animals and hide in their burrows during the day. Crayfishes feed primarily on aquatic vegetation growing near the shore, but occasionally they feed on animal substances. The males are longer than the females and have more powerful claws. Crayfishes reproduce in the fall, after the females molt. The females carry from 50 to 100 eggs on their abdomen.

There are three families of crayfishes, distributed in temperate zones throughout the world, excluding Africa. Eight species of the family Astacidae are found in the USSR, with Astacus leptodactylus and A. astacus having the greatest commercial value. Approximately 90 percent of the entire catch of crayfishes in the USSR is from the basin of the Sea of Azov and the Baltic Sea.


Budnikov, K. N., and F. F. Tret’iakov. Rechnye raki i ikh promysel. Moscow, 1952.
Ivanov, A. V. Promyslovye vodnye bezpovonochnye. Moscow, 1955.


(invertebrate zoology)
The common name for a number of lobsterlike fresh-water decapod crustaceans in the section Astacura.


(esp US), crawfish
1. any freshwater decapod crustacean of the genera Astacus and Cambarus, resembling a small lobster
2. any of various similar crustaceans, esp the spiny lobster
References in periodicals archive ?
I did three albums with An Emotional Fish, I did three with the Mudbug Club and the last two or three years I have been working with Jeremy Hickey from RSAG who I have known since he was a kid.
New artists announced today are: Born Blonde, Concerto for Constantine, David Kitt, Fiona Melady, Fionn Regan, General Fiasco, Jerry Fish and the Mudbug Club, Leopold, Lumiere, OK Go, Oppenheimer, Paolo Nutini, Roots Manuva, Sean Paul, Sharon Shannon, Spring Break, The Coronas, The High Kings, The Infomatics, The Magic Numbers and White Belt Yellow Tag.
Jerry Fish and the Mudbug Club (formerly known as An Emotional Fish) is an alternative rock band from Dublin.
Alligator, second only to mudbug in swampland gastronomic passions, has left the endangered species list and entered the cooking pot.
8th annual Mudbug Bash It's spring, and that means crawfish
IT seems Jerry Fish & The Mudbug Club are bigger than ever before with so many requests coming in from all over the world that the band may have to consider cutting down the number of gigs they do here.
The Lakeview Amphitheater hosts Budweiser's True Music Festival-Summer of Live Concert Series, which features events such as Mudbug Madness, Delta Rivers Bluesfest, Freedomfest and the extremely successful Smoke on the Water Barbecue & Music Festival in September.
r Irish band Jerry Fish and the Mudbug Club are to play at The Picturedrome in Holmfirth on February 19.
A DECIDEDLY different sound from Ireland is Jerry Fish (above) and the Mudbug Club whose debut album Be Yourself is released on Monday.
Global Industries Offshore LLC used automatic welding in conjunction with its patented Mudbug pipe bury technology to simultaneously lay and bury 33 miles of 12-inch diameter pipe for Williams Field Services Gulf Coast Company L.
With a knowledge of computer recording techniques, guitarist Mark Healy ( The Josephs/Jerry Fish & The Mudbug Club) soon came on board to add some tonal colour through his use of various effects pedals to complete the overall sound.
The 7th annual Mudbug Bash will benefit the Palmer Home for Children, a non-profit organization providing stable homes for children with inadequate family structure.