mufti

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mufti

(mŭf`tē), in Islamic law, attorney or judicial/religious scholar who writes his opinion (fatwafatwa,
in Islamic law, an opinion made by a judicial/religious scholar (a mufti) on a legal, civil, or religious matter. The fatwa is usually a valuable source of information on any subject for private individuals or for judges or other authorities, and it is normally used as a
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) on legal subjects for private clients or to assist judges in deciding cases. The recorded opinions of the muftis are a valuable source of information for the actual working of Islamic law as opposed to the abstract formulation. Only in the fields of marriage, divorce, and inheritance are the fatwas binding precedents; on other subjects they might be set aside. In the Ottoman Empire the muftis were state officials, and the mufti of Constantinople was the highest of these. The British, who retained the institution in some Muslim areas under their control, gave to the office of Amin al-HusseiniHusseini, Amin al-
, 1896?–1974, Arab political and religious leader. He was inveterately opposed to the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine, and, suspected of complicity in anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem (1920), he fled to avoid punishment.
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, the grand mufti of Jerusalem, great political importance.

Mufti

 

in Islam, a higher theological figure empowered to pronounce opinions on religious and legal matters and to give instructions about the application of the sharia (the body of formally established sacred law in Islam). A mufti’s opinion (fatwa) is based on the religious and legal canons of the Islamic school (Sunnism or Shiism) or sect (madhab) predominant in a given country.

mufti

1. a Muslim legal expert and adviser on the law of the Koran
2. (in the former Ottoman empire) the leader of the religious community
References in periodicals archive ?
ISLAMABAD -- The technique of reportages is almost the same of short story, said novelist and short story writer Masood Mufti on Friday.
BEIRUT: Lebanon could end up having two grand muftis, with each of the two Higher Islamic Councils calling Thursday for a new religious head to be picked for the Sunni sect.
NNA - Outgoing Prime Minister, Najib Mikati, on Tuesday expounded that Mufti Salim Sussan was still entitled to head Sidon's Dar-al-Fatwa, relying on the Higher Islamic Council's legislation, rendering the appointment of a new Sheikh by the Grand Mufti null and void.
For example, we know that the Salafis have their own muftis, but this is because most of them follow a much more conservative and elementary interpretation of Islam, the Wahhabi school of thought.
Hadzhi says Gendzhev had committed a crime by forging documents which falsly state there was a meeting of the Supreme Muslim Religious Council in 2006 to elect regional muftis.
Putrajaya (Malaysia), Apr 15(ANI): Malaysian muftis have proposed that the word "religion" in the recently set-up Committee to Promote Inter-Religious Understanding and Harmony be dropped "to avoid confusion".
Summary: The United Arab Emirates' city of Dubai is set to appoint female muftis by the end of next year in an unprecedented step that allows women to issue fatwas, or religious edicts, press reports
Gainutdin's Russian Council of Muftis controls 19 Islamic departments, fewer than Tadzhuddin, but is said to claim roughly as many adherents.
Hariri added that the grand mufti had to go back on a number of decisions he made regarding the Higher Islamic Council, along with the appointment of muftis for several Lebanese districts.
The muftis insist Mustafa Ali Hadzhi is the only legally elected Chief Mufti in Bulgaria.
In their Friday sermons, Muftis of the various Lebanese areas called for taking into consideration national coexistence above any other personal, narrow or party calculation.
Summary: The dispute within the Higher Islamic Council generated further divisions Thursday, with the Bek Valley region of Rashaya now having two muftis.