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mulberry,

common name for the Moraceae, a family of deciduous or evergreen trees and shrubs, often climbing, mostly of pantropical distribution, and characterized by milky sap. Several genera bear edible fruit, e.g., Morus, (true mulberries), Ficus (the fig genus), and Artocarpus, which includes the breadfruit and related species. The related hemp family, whose plants do not contain latex, were formerly included in this family.

Common Species and Their Uses

The mulberry family is most important as the basis of the silkworm industry; silkworms feed on the leaves of the mulberries (genus Morus) and sometimes of the Osage orange (Maclura pomifera). The white mulberry (M. alba) has been cultivated in China since very early times. In the Middle Ages it began to replace the black mulberry (M. nigra), which had been grown by the Greeks and Romans and, from the 9th cent., by the people of N Europe for silkworm culture. In Greek legend the berries of the white mulberry turned red when its roots were bathed by the blood of the lovers Pyramis and Thisbe, who killed themselves. Both the white and the red mulberry (M. rubra, native to North America) have been cultivated in America since colonial times, but the lack of cheap hand labor prevented the establishment of a silkworm industry. Mulberry fruits are tender and juicy and resemble blackberries. In the South the fruit of M. rubra is made into wine and is considered a valuable agricultural and wildlife feed.

The Osage orange, also called bowwood because it was used by the Osage tribe to make bows, is a hardy tree native to the S central United States. Its fruit is used as a natural insect repellent. Cultivated widely, often as a hedge plant because of its spiny, impenetrable branches, it is a source of a flexible and durable wood and of a yellow-orange dye, from the root bark, that is similar to the more widely used fustic (Maclura tinctoria). The heartwood of fustic yields a yellowish or olive dye, also called fustic, that has been used chiefly for dyeing woolens; it has largely been replaced by synthetic aniline dyes. In its native habitat of Central and South America the fustic is also a timber tree.

Fiber plants of the mulberry family include the paper mulberry (Broussonetia papyrifera) and the upas tree (Antiaris toxicara) of the East Asian tropics, where the bast fiber is utilized for rough fabrics and for paper, often after a crude retting process. The latex of the upas [Malay,=poison tree] contains a cardiac glycoside used for arrow poison; the similarly employed strychnine tree of the loganialogania
, common name for the Loganiaceae, a family of herbs, shrubs, and trees of warmer climates, including many woody climbing species. Some plants of this family are grown in the United States as ornamentals, and several are sources of medicines and poisons.
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 family is sometimes also called upas.

The breadfruit (Artocarpus ultilis) is cultivated as a staple food plant in the Pacific tropics and in the West Indies, where it was introduced from Polynesia in the late 18th cent.; the Bounty was carrying breadfruit plants to Jamaica when the famous mutiny occurred. The compound, high-carbohydrate fruit has a taste when cooked that resembles that of fresh bread or cooked potatoes. The tree's wood, fiber, and latex are also variously utilized locally. The important figfig,
name for members of the genus Ficus of the family Moraceae (mulberry family). This large genus contains some 800 species of widely varied tropical vines (some of which are epiphytic); shrubs; and trees, including the banyan, the peepul, or bo tree, and the
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 genus includes fruit trees, ornamentals (e.g., the rubber plant), and several species renowned in the religion and legends of India (e.g., the banyanbanyan
, species of fig (Ficus bengalensis) of the family Moraceae (mulberry family), native to India, where it is venerated. Its seeds usually germinate in the branches of some tree where they have been dropped by birds.
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 and the bo treebo tree
or pipal
, fig tree (Ficus religiosa) of India held sacred by the Buddhists, who believe that Gautama received enlightenment under a bo tree at Bodh Gaya. A slip of this tree was planted at Anuradhapura to become one of the oldest known trees.
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).

Classification

The mulberry family is classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Urticales.

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mulberry

mulberry

50 ft (15m) Delicious berries have powerful antioxidants, cancer prevention, life extension, cleans blood, strengthens kidneys, hearing, vision, diabetes, constipation, anemia, graying hair. The berries are great for improving vision. The bark is a laxative- leaves are an amalase inhibitor so they block the breakdown of carbohydrates into simple sugars, so it acts as a diet aid by preventing you from being able to absorb the carbohydrates. Root tea is used for tapeworms, urinary problems, bowel problems, diarrhea, dystentery. Sap used externally for ringworm. You can collect the leaves in the fall, dry them and use them as tea. Leaves used for heart conditions, cholesterol, liver problems (cleans liver), cancer, digestive issues. It is said there is almost nothing the leaves, bark, and gum resin boiled as tea cannot help alleviate from the body. The berries are great when dried. Mix with nuts and grind into pulp and make into "candy" balls. Male and female trees required for fruit.

mulberry

[′məl‚ber·ē]
(botany)
Any of various trees of the genus Morus (family Moraceae), characterized by milky sap and simple, often lobed alternate leaves.

mulberry

1. any moraceous tree of the temperate genus Morus, having edible blackberry-like fruit, such as M. alba (white mulberry), the leaves of which are used to feed silkworms
2. any of several similar or related trees, such as the paper mulberry and Indian mulberry
3. 
a. a dark purple colour
b. (as adjective): a mulberry dress
References in periodicals archive ?
The mulberry tree was chosen for its poignant link with the hospital's Mulberry Suite, which provides award-winning end-oflife care for patients and their families and was part-funded by grateful relatives and friends in recognition of the care their loved ones had received.
The story of Pyramus and Thebes ends with a heart broken lover plunging a sword into his heart and spraying a nearby mulberry with his blood -- thus turning the white mulberry trees of ancient Babylon dark red.
Since there has not been a flurry of mulberry trees being uprooted and sent to the sea, it seems no one has had the faith of even a mustard seed
For example, there are opportunities for the children to dress up as Shakespearean characters at Nash's House under the famous mulberry tree, while youngsters visiting Mary Arden's farm can enjoy a slice of birthday cake and a balloon.
THE 400 year-old Mulberry tree in the garden of a house called Hopkins in the Warwickshire village of Long Marston is a mere youngster compared to the house it belongs to.
The garden has been carefully tended for years and contains a mulberry tree from the time of James 1.
Yet, isn't this the impossible teaching of Jesus who said, "If you have faith the size of a mustard seed, you could say to [this] mulberry tree, 'Be uprooted and planted in the sea' and it would obey you" (Luke 17:6)?
Julia drags her feet, but Patrick's enthusiasm carries the day, especially when they locate a mulberry tree nearby, a source for the fresh mulberry leaves silkworms need to eat.
Strother's homemade compost made from mulberry tree leaves has helped him keep his home full of roses for much of the year, a delight for his wife, who's housebound, he said.
Arvay's "temple" and "sacred place" is instead a mulberry tree still on the verge of blossoming with its "new green leaves, punctuated by tiny fuzzy things that looked like green, stubby worms" (p.
Bleasdale Vineyards is e place to go -- try the '99 Malbec (full of fragrant tobacco smells and spicy, fruity yet dry flavours, $16) or the '99 Mulberry Tree Cabernet Sauvignon (with its creamy, sweet American oak hints coupled with some minty and leafy Cabernet flavours, $15).