mung bean


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mung bean

an E Asian bean plant, Phaseolus aureus, grown for forage and as the source of bean sprouts used in oriental cookery

Mung Bean

 

(Phaseolus aureus), a species of annual herbaceous plants of the Phaseolus genus of the Leguminosae (pea) family. It originated from the wild species P. sublobatus. There are three subspecies—ssp. indicus, ssp. chinensis, and ssp. Iranicus.

The mung bean is 25-100 cm tall and very hairy, with a ramose stem that is erect, decumbent, or procumbent, and a taproot. The leaves are alternate, trifoliolate, and green. The flowers are golden yellow, growing in short racemes. The pods (beans) are narrow and cylindrical; they may be straight or curved, are 8-15 cm long, and contain seven to ten seeds. The ripe pods are nearly black. The seeds are rounded and cylindrical or barrel-shaped and may be green, yellow, or brown; 1,000 seeds weigh 25-80 g. The growing period for early ripening varieties in the USSR (such as Pobeda 104) is 80-100 days. The plants are heat- and moisture-loving. The seeds contain 24-28 percent protein, 46-50 percent starch, 2-4 percent oil, and vitamins. Mung beans are used as food in the form of groats, and the green beans and blanched sprouts are used as vegetables. The foliage is dried, ensiled, and plowed under as green manure; the straw and chaff are fed to livestock.

The mung bean is native to Southwest Asia, where it was first cultivated 5,000-6,000 years ago. Currently it is grown in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Burma, China, Vietnam, Japan, and elsewhere. In the USSR it is grown in Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasia, and southern Kazakhstan (in small fields), using irrigation; it is planted in the spring or after the harvest. The seed yield of the mung bean is 10-16 centners per hectare; the foliage yield, up to 200 centners per hectare.

N. R. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Dehydration such as high temperature would increase protein so application of irrigation intervals in reproductive stage has imposed the most stress to mung bean.
Studies show that mung bean seed coat extract and EGCG from green tea prevented death from acute inflammation by counteracting HMGB1, suggesting that their use will be effective in other inflammatory diseases, such as the chronic diseases of aging.
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As a check of how well the MDS represented the management system goals, and to identify the key indicators, multiple regressions were performed using the indicators retained in the MDS as independent variables and the endpoint measures such as mean yields of sorghum and mung bean, SYIs of sorghum and mung bean, and SOC as dependent variables (Table 4).
Recipes such as Crispy Noodles, Tofu Patties, Mung Bean Wraps and more are complemented with information on how to properly prepare Thai produce, spices, noodles, wrappers, and rice for those unfamiliar with Thai ingredients.
Vegetable Cheese Casserole 1-1/2 cups sprouts of your choice 1 medium onion, finely chopped 1-1/2 cups mung bean sprouts 4 tablespoons grated carrots 2 tablespoons finely chopped parsley 1 cup white sauce (medium thick) 1 cup grated cheddar cheese (or cottage cheese or pepper cheese for more zest) 1/4 cup dry bread crumbs
Add 1 pound rinsed mung bean sprouts and 1/2 teaspoon salt.
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Beflora products are described as oligofructose, fructose and sprouted mung bean extract.
Fresh and colorful alfalfa sprouts, crisp and crunchy mung bean sprouts, or any of the half dozen other kinds of raw sprouts sold in America today add taste and texture to salads, sandwiches, soups, omelets, and other dishes.
cereus from 57% of commercially sold alfalfa, mung bean, and wheat seeds intended for sprout production.